Study: Day School Lay Leaders, Boards Are Too Weak

By Jacob Berkman (JTA)

Published July 14, 2009.
  • Print
  • Share Share

“We can’t just blindly throw money at our problems,” Scott Goldberg says at a lunch meeting at Yeshiva University’s mid-Manhattan campus, referring to the economic crisis that is imperiling the country’s Jewish day school system.

“None of us can afford to do that in this economy,” Goldberg, the head of YU’s Institute of University-School Partnership, tells education officials and journalists Monday in a meeting to introduce a new study on the governance of day schools.

Unfortunately, according to the partnership’s report, lackadaisical lay leadership and weak boards of directors at the schools seem content with making half-hearted attempts at creating economically viable institutions.

The day school system in the United States is a $2 billion a year enterprise that requires $500 million annually in financial aid for students, according to Harry Bloom, who produced the report, a “Survey of the Governance Practices of Jewish Day Schools.” And as the economy has tanked, the system in its current form does not appear to be economically viable.

For the survey, Yeshiva University reached out to hundreds of board presidents at day schools, asking them to self-evaluate how their boards – their economic lifelines – function. YU has received 71 responses – about a quarter of U.S. day schools, the university says – from across the denominational spectrum.

This is what Bloom, an expert in lay board management for the Institute for University-School Partnership, found in his survey:

  • 38 percent of the board presidents strongly agreed when asked if their boards had set strategic goals for their schools three to five years from now.

  • 35 percent strongly agreed that their boards had a financial plan for the next three to five years.

  • About half said their boards had established committees to work on their obligations, but only 26 percent of the presidents answered “strongly agree” when asked to rate how the rest of the board followed through on the committees’ recommendations during general board meetings.

  • 31 percent said that they have subcommittees whose goal is to identify prospective board members that have valuable financial connections and professional skills they can volunteer to help their schools with specific issues.

  • 75 percent said they annually evaluate the performance of their heads of school and 71 percent said they have created board by-laws to limit how many consecutive terms a board member can serve.

Bloom and others say the findings show that boards of directors seemingly are not as dedicated to their task as they could be, and do not fund-raise or plan effectively. Even when they manage to set goals, they often go unmet.

It’s a poisonous mix, Bloom said, that often comes from board members becoming involved and recruiting other members for social reasons and not necessarily out of interest for the institutions they are tasked with helping.

The pattern is found across all sectors of the nonprofit world, he adds. Instead of taking time and thought to find qualified and motivated members, board members simply reach out to friends several days before they are required to put in place new members.

Bloom floated several ideas for solving the day school tuition crisis, such as a massive communal fund-raising drive to build a huge endowment. Still, he said, even though a $1 billion endowment could help, such a mega fund only would provide $50 million per year in real aid, and that’s not enough.

Along with seeking to create a mega fund, Bloom suggested that day schools must try to collaborate with other schools and local organizations to see if they can save on overhead, as well as share space and office support. That, Bloom said, could save the system $50 million to $150 million.

That, along with an increase in support from the government and day schools seeking to trim approximately $100 million from their operating expenses, could help bridge the $500 million annual gap created by financial need for students.

None of this can happen, however, without the schools having strong boards of directors – which they do not, according to Bloom’s study.

“Boards spend half their time schmoozing,” he told JTA. “If they are spending their time schmoozing, then they are not spending their time on planning.”

Bloom told JTA that schools can take simple steps, such as asking board members to sign contracts with set expectations for philanthropic and volunteer involvement.

He employed the method at the South Area Solomon Schechter School in Massachusetts, where he was in charge of institutional advancement for five years before coming to Yeshiva University this year. The school was able to increase its fund raising eight-fold by doing so, Bloom said.

YU is working with three pilot communities – the Five Towns on Long Island, N.Y., Philadelphia and Bergen County, N.J. – to convene schools, Jewish federations and local Jewish organizations to address the issue. And it is planning to take the survey results on the road, to Jewish communities in Los Angeles and other cities.

For Jewish educators, the day school funding crisis has become a national concern.

The Partnership for Jewish Education just finished developing a three-part strategic plan to help day schools that involves making sure that every school has a competent, inspiring head of school, a strong board and a sustainable financial model.

But while many would like to cap the cost of day school tuitions, even the final sticker price is heavily discounted with the help of philanthropic support.

“Every kid has a discounted tuition – and it still costs $18,000 per year,” Cheryl Finkel, a PEJE consultant, told JTA, noting the average cost per school term for parents, even with aid.

In recent months both YU and the Orthodox Union have become more involved in the funding crisis. The OU has convened several meetings of day school officials and lay leaders to seek stoppers for the gaping financial holes. And YU is spending some $2 million per year on its Institute for University-School Partnership.

The reasoning is simple, says YU President Richard Joel.

“We are the largest developer of teachers and educators for these communities,” Joel told JTA in a telephone interview. “We have 40 doctoral students and 12 master’s degree students per year. We want to make sure there are quality places for them to teach.”

YU for the first time has hired a job placement director for teachers, but Joel is also looking out for his undergraduate program.

“If we don’t help strengthen the yeshiva school system,” he said, “where am I going to get my students?”


The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.





Find us on Facebook!
  • Not a gazillionaire? Take the "poor door."
  • "We will do what we must to protect our people. We have that right. We are not less deserving of life and quiet than anyone else. No more apologies."
  • "Woody Allen should have quit while he was ahead." Ezra Glinter's review of "Magic in the Moonlight": http://jd.fo/f4Q1Q
  • Jon Stewart responds to his critics: “Look, obviously there are many strong opinions on this. But just merely mentioning Israel or questioning in any way the effectiveness or humanity of Israel’s policies is not the same thing as being pro-Hamas.”
  • "My bat mitzvah party took place in our living room. There were only a few Jewish kids there, and only one from my Sunday school class. She sat in the corner, wearing the right clothes, asking her mom when they could go." The latest in our Promised Lands series — what state should we visit next?
  • Former Israeli National Security Advisor Yaakov Amidror: “A cease-fire will mean that anytime Hamas wants to fight it can. Occupation of Gaza will bring longer-term quiet, but the price will be very high.” What do you think?
  • Should couples sign a pre-pregnancy contract, outlining how caring for the infant will be equally divided between the two parties involved? Just think of it as a ketubah for expectant parents:
  • Many #Israelis can't make it to bomb shelters in time. One of them is Amos Oz.
  • According to Israeli professor Mordechai Kedar, “the only thing that can deter terrorists, like those who kidnapped the children and killed them, is the knowledge that their sister or their mother will be raped."
  • Why does ultra-Orthodox group Agudath Israel of America receive its largest donation from the majority owners of Walmart? Find out here: http://jd.fo/q4XfI
  • Woody Allen on the situation in #Gaza: It's “a terrible, tragic thing. Innocent lives are lost left and right, and it’s a horrible situation that eventually has to right itself.”
  • "Mark your calendars: It was on Sunday, July 20, that the momentum turned against Israel." J.J. Goldberg's latest analysis on Israel's ground operation in Gaza:
  • What do you think?
  • "To everyone who is reading this article and saying, “Yes, but… Hamas,” I would ask you to just stop with the “buts.” Take a single moment and allow yourself to feel this tremendous loss. Lay down your arms and grieve for the children of Gaza."
  • Professor Dan Markel, 41 years old, was found shot and killed in his Tallahassee home on Friday. Jay Michaelson can't explain the death, just grieve for it.
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.