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In the end, once deregulation had burned its way through to the core and brought things tumbling down, with jobs dried up, homes foreclosing, teachers and cops laid off and kids going hungry, it was time for those spending cuts. Can’t sell them anymore as a way to boost growth? Peg them to the debt we’ve spent 30 years accumulating.
This year was their comeuppance, sort of. After a presidential campaign centered squarely on the question of raising or lowering taxes, voters decisively rejected the doctrine of cutting taxes to spur prosperity. As if to reinforce the voters’ decision, two ground-breaking studies were released, one in September by the bipartisan Congressional Research Service, the other in December by the impeccably conservative International Monetary Fund, both examining decades of data for the first time and both concluding that raising top tax rates actually doesn’t hurt growth in any significant way. What will stunt growth, the IMF sternly warned, is slashing government spending.
And yet, in perhaps the greatest alchemy of all, the conservatives are still going to get their budget cuts. Oh, they tried empirical demonstration. They tried persuasion. Now they’ve turned to blackmail. Kudos, penny-savers. You took a hit this year but dodged the big one. Heck of a job.
Finally, a (very) warm salute to those independent thinkers who don’t believe human activity is changing the earth’s climate — and don’t want the rest of us to do anything about it, either. Upwards of 95% of climate and earth scientists concur that burning fossil fuels is raising the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, trapping the sun’s heat and warming the globe. They say we’re approaching a tipping point, after which there will be no turning back from a disastrous future of droughts, floods and spreading wasteland. Skeptics counter that the science is unproven, and warn that measures to slow carbon emissions would raise fuel prices, kill coal jobs and stall the economy, costing billions.
This year the science struck back. Average global temperatures for the year reached a record high. July was the hottest month on record in the continental United States, and the 12th consecutive month of record-setting highs for the given months. Drought covered a record 63% of the lower 48 states.
Most significant, the annual summer melt of the Arctic Ocean ice cap reached a record expanse, 50% greater than the average for the previous decade, peaking September 19 when just 24% of the ocean’s surface was ice-covered. Scientists used to fear the summer ice would disappear completely by 2100, followed by increasingly weak winter recovery. The latest forecast is 2020. That’s a critical tipping point: As dark ocean surface replaces white ice, the sun’s heat is absorbed rather than reflected back to space, warming oceans globally and agitating the Arctic air mass.
In early October, several federal agencies warned independently that the Arctic melt could bring unusually extreme weather events by January. That same week the world’s largest reinsurance firm, Munich Re, reported that “weather catastrophes” caused by global warming were coming with increasing frequency, costing insurers tens of billions of dollars per year. Hardest hit, the firm said: North America.
The predicted catastrophe hit barely two weeks later, on October 29. A hurricane system the size of Europe, moving northward along the East Coast, met a rare barrier of Arctic air wandering south over New England that blocked it from drifting normally out to sea. Instead it slammed headfirst into the nation’s most populated region. Total damage is now estimated at $71 billion. Munich Re says that’s just the beginning.
And that’s before we tally the hundreds of billions we’ll need to build sea walls, retrofit power and sewage plants against the coming storms and replace the croplands ruined by the coming decades of droughts and floods.
On the bright side, coal is still cheap. Heck of a job.
Contact J.J. Goldberg at firstname.lastname@example.org