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The AJC’s Jerusalem outpost had a history of tension with the group’s New York headquarters. In 1993 the group appointed scholar Michael Oren to head the office. Oren, who is now Israel’s ambassador to Washington, was then a young, American-born historian who had already served as an Israeli liaison officer to the U.S. Navy during the First Gulf War. The appointment lasted only a year, and Oren has since dropped any mention of his tenure with the AJC from his official biography.
In 1995 the AJC chose Yossi Alpher, a retired Mossad intelligence officer and a renowned Middle East researcher as well as a contributing editor to the Forward, to fill the position. Alpher served as the AJC’s Jerusalem director for five years. But political disagreements with Harris — Alpher is known for his dovish views on Israel, while Harris is aligned with a more hawkish approach — contributed to Alpher’s resignation. Alpher was also frustrated with what he saw as the AJC’s condescending approach toward secular Israelis. On his way out, Alpher sent a harsh letter to AJC board members, listing his grievances.
In 2001, Eran Lerman was chosen to replace Alpher. Lerman, a retired Israel Defense Forces colonel, brought to the job an extensive background as a Middle East analyst, and, according to colleagues, he held views close to those of Benjamin Netanyahu’s government on the Israeli-Arab conflict. Lerman eventually joined the government as a senior member of Netanyahu’s National Security Council, sending the AJC once again in search of a Jerusalem director.
The group ultimately chose Rettig, an American-born ordained rabbi who specialized in relations between Israel and the American Jewish community. Rettig has served in many previous capacities in the organization. But he did not come from the Israeli government or military establishment, and, according to an AJC official, he “did not provide [David] Harris with the public image he was looking for.” The official, who like other AJC members spoke on condition of anonymity because of the organization’s policy, added that Harris and the New York office are seeking to replace Rettig with “a diplomatic or military figure that will look impressive.”
Rettig declined an interview request for this article.
The dramatic layoffs at the AJC’s Jerusalem office come at a time of strained labor relations within the organization. The AJC is now in the midst of new contract negotiations with the union that represents nearly half of its 230 employees, and talks have centered on concerns that the organization management may cut health benefits provided to employees.
In addition, the group is undergoing a reform in which it is cutting back on domestic programs and research in favor of global advocacy with a focus on Israel.
It is not clear how the recent layoffs in the organization’s Jerusalem office relate to this goal. One official speculated that the move reflects a desire to have the organization’s top leadership deal directly with the Israeli government as opposed to staffers on the ground.