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The Brotherhood has said it would never abandon efforts to restore Mursi to power, although a fierce state security crackdown appears to have hurt the group. In the past week, it has struggled to get people on the streets to protest.
Mursi’s supporters called on Egyptians to hold “Friday of Martyrs” protests against the military takeover that ousted him.
A grouping calling itself the National Coalition to Support Legitimacy, which has been demanding Mursi’s reinstatement, said in a statement, “We will remain steadfast on the road to defeating the military coup.”
The United States and the European Union are both reviewing aid to Cairo in light of the bloodshed, but Saudi Arabia, a foe of the Brotherhood, has promised to make up any shortfall.
The European Union stopped short of agreeing immediate cuts in financial or military assistance to Cairo, as the bloc’s foreign ministers held emergency talks on Wednesday to find ways to help end violence in Egypt.
The decision acknowledges Europe’s limited economic muscle in forcing Egypt’s army-backed rulers and Mursi’s supporters into a peaceful compromise.
It also reflects a concern that abruptly cutting aid could shut off dialogue with Cairo’s military rulers and damage Europe’s ability to mediate in any future negotiations to end the strife.
Egypt has said repeatedly it does not want foreign powers to interfere in its standoff with the Brotherhood.
“Egypt can never accept an interference in its sovereignty or the independence of its decisions or an interference in its internal affairs,” Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy said in a statement issued after the EU talks.
“The only standard that rules Egypt’s decisions is the supreme interest of the country and its national security.”
There was no immediate reaction to the ruling on Mubarak from the Brotherhood, whose leaders are mostly behind bars.
Mubarak is still being retried on charges of complicity in the killing of protesters during the revolt against him, but he has already served the maximum pretrial detention in that case.
The court ruling removed the last legal ground for his imprisonment in connection with a corruption case, following a similar decision in another corruption case on Monday. Mubarak will not be allowed to leave Egypt and his assets remain frozen.
Mubarak’s two sons, Gamal and Alaa, along with former Interior Minister Habib el-Adly, are still in prison, and Adly’s lawyer said the ruling on Mubarak had no bearing on their cases.
Some of the liberal and secular politicians who backed the army’s ousting of Mursi, Egypt’s first freely elected president, on July 3, said they regretted Mubarak’s release but that the judiciary’s decision should be respected.
“His regime was lousy and he destroyed the country,” said Mohamed Abolghar, head of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party, to which the army-appointed interim prime minister belongs.
Noting Mubarak’s age and the jail time he has served, he said, “We should focus on building the country, establishing democracy and finishing the problem of the Muslim Brotherhood.
“The government knows that if Mubarak is freed, there will be public outrage, but a court decision is a court decision.”
Khaled Dawoud, spokesman of the liberal Dostour Party, said the trials of the ex-president and his associates had all been flawed because the judiciary was ill-equipped to deal with cases related to Mubarak’s rule, resulting in a series of acquittals.
“It was a faulty process from the beginning,” he said.
The relatively muted response from Mubarak’s non-Islamist opponents may reflect a reluctance to rock the boat following the army’s removal of Mursi, which they had endorsed.
The generals say they were responding to the will of the people after vast demonstrations organised by liberals and leftists demanding Mursi’s ouster. They have installed an interim administration to oversee a road map back to democracy.