The Environmental Defense Fund is a national environmental advocacy organization. Founded in 1967 amid growing concerns about the pesticide DDT, EDF today addresses threats to the climate, oceans, ecosystems and human health through corporate partnerships, scientific research, and policy development and advocacy. Known for its collaboration with corporations, EDF uses the power of markets to achieve environmental change, and notably designed a successful market-based program for reducing acid rain, which was written into the Clean Air Act of 1990. Headquartered in New York City, EDF oversees a staff of scientists, economists and policy experts in nine American states, Mexico and China, and counts 750,000 people as members.
Fred Krupp has served as president of the Environmental Defense Fund since 1984, overseeing a period of major expansion. Prior to joining EDF, Krupp worked as an attorney in private practice in New Haven, Conn., and founded the Connecticut Fund for the Environment, for which he served as general counsel. Krupp helped found the U.S. Climate Action Partnership, a business-not-for-profit coalition dedicated to addressing climate change, and is the coauthor of "Earth: The Sequel: The Race to Reinvent Energy and Stop Global Warming." Krupp graduated from Yale University and the University of Michigan Law School and has lectured on environmental law at both schools.