'Divergent' Is a Cautionary Tale for Jews

Factionalism in Hit Film Underscores Spiritual Conflicts

Prior Knowledge: Shailene Woodley plays Beatrice Prior in the adaptation of Veronica Roth’s novel.
Getty Images
Prior Knowledge: Shailene Woodley plays Beatrice Prior in the adaptation of Veronica Roth’s novel.

By Lauren Davidson

Published March 24, 2014, issue of March 28, 2014.
  • Print
  • Share Share

A few years ago, I wrote about how a little film called “Twilight” was the quintessential Jewish story: inappropriate boyfriends, unusual dietary habits and an outrageously lavish wedding. I’d now like to remove my tongue from my cheek and draw your attention to a more serious lesson the Jewish community can take from young adult fiction.

This weekend saw the release of “Divergent,” the adaptation of Veronica Roth’s bestselling dystopian novel. Set in near-future Chicago, the society is divided into five factions based on personality: Abnegation (the selfless, who run the government), Amity (the peaceful, who farm the land), Candor (the honest, who regulate the law), Dauntless (the brave, who make up the army) and Erudite (the knowledgeable, who pursue education). Each faction has its own customs, uniforms, foods and daily routines — and inter-sect mingling is highly frowned upon.

At the age of 16, all citizens take a test that tells them which faction best suits them, after which they are fully initiated into a faction— either that of their parents, or another of their choosing. Those who walk away are called defects, and there’s no going back. The society honors this maxim above all: faction over blood.

The protagonist Beatrice Prior (played by Shailene Woodley) is raised in Abnegation, where she wears loose gray clothing, refrains from touching other people and isn’t allowed to look in the mirror too often. Feeling confused and stifled in her home community, she chooses Dauntless, where she can run free, tattoo her skin and strengthen her mind and body to protect others. But she doesn’t belong wholly in either faction. Her aptitude test revealed that she is drawn equally to Abnegation, Dauntless and Erudite. She is Divergent.

As such, she becomes a hunted member of society. “The brilliance of the faction system is that conformity to the faction removes the threat of anyone exercising their independent will,” Jeanine Matthews (played by Kate Winslet), leader of Erudite and the story’s antagonist, explains in the movie. “Divergents threaten that system.”

The factions were founded after a devastating war in order to prevent future conflict and to teach people how to be good again, value by value. Before long, however, the factions turn against each other, poisoning minds with both harmful propaganda and a will-controlling injectable serum. It quickly becomes obvious that each trait is ultimately meaningless when kept isolated from the other values that together build a strong, respectable and cohesive society.

Let “Divergent” be a cautionary tale for Judaism.

Like the story’s factions, religion’s different sects have sprung up at various stages through history as the result of adversity or persecution. But today it sometimes seems that Judaism’s factions are still at war — not with an external enemy, but with each other.

The news is full of stories of Jewish civil war. Earlier this month, the Israeli government passed a bill that removes Haredi exemption from army service, meaning the ultra-Orthodox will no longer be able to avoid the draft by studying in yeshiva, exacerbating the tensions between Israel’s religious and secular communities. Not long before that, the Israeli city of Bet Shemesh was similarly and seriously divided between mayoral candidates representing a variety of Jewish identities. And late last year, the British Jewish community tore at each other’s throats over whether the Limmud conference was an appropriate representation of Judaism after Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis confirmed he would attend the event.

Those are the stories that make headlines. Off the page there are innumerable incidents of inter-sect intolerance and of shunning, or even sullying, those who are considered to practice the “wrong” form of Judaism.

Is making it home in time for Shabbat more important than helping a struggling woman carry a stroller up the subway stairs? Is avoiding all morsels of bread on Passover more meaningful than accepting a gay, trans or female person as equal in your society? Is fighting to defend Israel more respectable than dedicating your life to learning in yeshiva? And is keeping a member pledged to your faction without freedom of his or her own identity of any value at all?

If you’re seeking an answer to why young Jews are turning away from traditional Judaism, look no further than “Divergent.”

In the story, those who defect from their faction to join a rival community are seen as harsh rejecters of their parents’ values, and those who are Divergent are considered downright dangerous. The same can be said of traditional Judaism, which tends to frown upon those who follow their own faith path if it deviates from that of their upbringing. But forging your own identity would be an admirable endeavor, not seen as a stab in the back, if there were less divisive animosities between the factions. In fact, I think the idea of divergence is becoming particularly pertinent for my generation.

Last year’s much-discussed Pew Study about American Judaism showed that younger Jews are far more likely than their elders to identify as a Jew of no religion — 32% of people born after 1980, compared to 19% of their parents’ generation and 14% of their grandparents’. These Jews of no religion are about half as likely as their religious counterparts to feel a responsibility to caring for other Jews, and a tiny fraction as likely to donate to a Jewish organization or become a member of a synagogue.

I’m a member of that “millennial” generation, and to which faction of Jewish society I belong is a question I ask myself regularly. I was raised in an observant Modern Orthodox community, which I share with my family and many of my closest friends. As a young, liberal woman, my comfort zone lies further toward the Conservative community. Philosophically, I find myself drawn toward atheism or agnosticism. And practically — well, I’m still working that one out.

I sometimes wonder if I spend more time trying to define my Judaism than actually living, studying and appreciating it. When others ask, I usually reply that I’m post-denominational. But now I have a better answer. I’m Divergent.

Lauren Davidson is a freelance journalist based in New York.

The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.

Find us on Facebook!
  • Why does ultra-Orthodox group Agudath Israel of America receive its largest donation from the majority owners of Walmart? Find out here: http://jd.fo/q4XfI
  • Woody Allen on the situation in #Gaza: It's “a terrible, tragic thing. Innocent lives are lost left and right, and it’s a horrible situation that eventually has to right itself.”
  • "Mark your calendars: It was on Sunday, July 20, that the momentum turned against Israel." J.J. Goldberg's latest analysis on Israel's ground operation in Gaza:
  • What do you think?
  • "To everyone who is reading this article and saying, “Yes, but… Hamas,” I would ask you to just stop with the “buts.” Take a single moment and allow yourself to feel this tremendous loss. Lay down your arms and grieve for the children of Gaza."
  • Professor Dan Markel, 41 years old, was found shot and killed in his Tallahassee home on Friday. Jay Michaelson can't explain the death, just grieve for it.
  • Employees complained that the food they received to end the daily fast during the holy month of Ramadan was not enough (no non-kosher food is allowed in the plant). The next day, they were dismissed.
  • Why are peace activists getting beat up in Tel Aviv? http://jd.fo/s4YsG
  • Backstreet's...not back.
  • Before there was 'Homeland,' there was 'Prisoners of War.' And before there was Claire Danes, there was Adi Ezroni. Share this with 'Homeland' fans!
  • BREAKING: Was an Israeli soldier just kidnapped in Gaza? Hamas' military wing says yes.
  • What's a "telegenically dead" Palestinian?
  • 13 Israeli soldiers die in Gaza — the deadliest day for the IDF in decades. So much for 'precision' strikes and easy exit strategies.
  • What do a Southern staple like okra and an Israeli favorite like tahini have in common? New Orleans chef Alon Shaya brings sabra tastes to the Big Easy.
  • The Cossacks were a feature in every European Jewish kid's worst nightmare. Tuvia Tenenbom went looking for the real-life variety in Ukraine — but you won't believe what he found. http://forward.com/articles/202181/my-hunt-for-the-cossacks-in-ukraine/?
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?

We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.