Judith Matloff

Dagestan's 'Mountain Jews' Flee Chaos

Russia’s oldest Jewish community is stuck in the crossfire of separatist chaos. After 12 centuries of co-existence with the Muslim majority, the Mountain Jews are fleeing.

Lost Heritage: This desecrated gravestone near Minsk is one of many across Belarus that need urgent attention.

With Student Help, Belarus Rescues Its Shtetl Graves

Somewhere beneath the birch trees lies the Jewish cemetery of Senno. The graves have been there for 350 years, but the markers are so sunken into the earth that they look like random stones. Moss covers the Hebrew letters, and few people know about the site, which is hidden from the road by the foliage. The only visitors are mosquitoes.

Photo by Diana Markosian

The Last Shtetl Jews of Belarus

The interviews we see in Holocaust documentaries are but fragments of lives. Subjects talk about their horrendous concentration camp experiences, and the story ends. But suffering has continued in Belarus for many of the elderly, who are among the poorest Jews in the world. Unlike survivors who moved to relatively comfortable circumstances in Israel or the United States, those who remained in Belarus endured religious intolerance under the Soviets after the war. Now they are finishing their days with further deprivation.