JERUSALEM (JTA) — Israeli leaders praised President Donald Trump for his decision to officially recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.
“There is no more fitting or beautiful gift, as we approach 70 years of the State of Israel’s independence,” Israeli President Reuven Rivlin said in a statement Wednesday issued after Trump made his announcement from the White House.
“The recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, and the relocation of all embassies to the city, is a landmark in the recognition of the right of the Jewish people to our land, and a milestone on our road to peace – peace for all the residents of Jerusalem, and the whole region,” Rivlin also said.
Naftali Bennett, head of the Jewish Home Party and the country’s Education Minister, wished Trump a “mazal tov” and praised him for not caving to “huge pressures from within.” He also thanked Trump and “the great people of the United States.”
The centrist Yesh Atid Party head praised Trump’s “historic” speech in a statement posted on Facebook and said that “Jerusalem always was and will remain our capital. We look forward to welcoming the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem.” He added that threats of violence should not dictate policy, and that “whoever surrenders to violence just encourages terrorism.”
“When my parents in Morocco dreamed of moving to Israel, they didn’t first check the Jerusalem page on the website of the U.S. State Department,” Labor Party head Avi Gabbay said in a statement also posted on Facebook. “Jerusalem is a symbol for the Jewish people for thousands of years. It’s more than my capital, it is home to me. It’s where my brothers and sisters and I grew up. After 70 years of the existence of the State of Israel, I am happy that our most important ally, the United States, now also recognizes Jerusalem as our capital.”
Deputy Foreign Minister Tzipi Hotovely called on other countries around the world to follow the United States’ lead. She said she hoped that the U.S. decision “is opening a new chapter of the international community recognizing Jerusalem.”
Dissent came from the left and Palestinian groups.
The Israeli human rights group B’Tselem in a statement noted that: “United States President Donald Trump announced he recognizes Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, but Israel has never recognized Jerusalem’s Palestinian residents – the people whose land the state annexed unilaterally and unlawfully. No unilateral announcement or embassy relocation can change the fact that wide areas of the city – on which hundreds of thousands of Palestinians who are deprived of political rights live – are occupied. This is the reality that must change.”
On the Palestinian side, chief peace negotiator Saeb Erekat said that Trump’s announcement has “disqualified the United States of America to play any role in any peace process.”
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas in televised remarks after Trump’s announcement called it “a declaration of withdrawal from the role it has played in the peace process.”
He called the decision “reward to Israel for denying agreements and defying international legitimacy and encourages it to continue the policy of occupation, settlement, apartheid and ethnic cleansing.” He added that the Palestinian leadership will meet in the coming days and consult with Arab leaders to formulate a response.
A spokesman for the Palestinian terrorist organization Hamas said that Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem Israel’s capital and the decision to move the U.S. embassy there, “opens the gates of hell.”
“Trump’s decision on Jerusalem will not succeed in changing the fact that Jerusalem is an Arab Muslim land,” the spokesman said.
Hamas has called for a Palestinian “Day of Rage” on Friday. Prior to the announcement Palestinians held a mass rally in Gaza during which they burned Israeli and American flags.
Arab-Israeli lawmaker Haneen Zoabi criticized the announcement and vowed that to continue to fight for the Palestinians. “Jerusalem is the capital of the Palestinian state, and we’ll continue fighting for that. It’s important to note that with this irregular move, the US has declared its own irrelevancy as mediator,” Zoabi said.
Meanwhile the Patriarchs and Heads of Churches in Jerusalem, representing an array of Christian movements, were critical.
“We have been following, with concern, the reports about the possibility of changing how the United States understands and deals with the status of Jerusalem,” read a joint letter. “We are certain that such steps will yield increased hatred, conflict, violence and suffering in Jerusalem and the Holy Land, moving us farther from the goal of unity and deeper toward destructive division. We ask from you Mr. President to help us all walk towards more love and a definitive peace, which cannot be reached without Jerusalem being for all.”