In Hunt for Stolen Auschwitz Sign, Poland Tightens Borders

By Nir Hasson and Barak Ravid (Haaretz)

Published December 19, 2009.
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Polish police and border guards stepped up security checks at airports and border crossings Saturday as the search intensified for the infamous sign stolen from the Auschwitz death camp memorial.

The brazen overnight theft of one of the Holocaust’s most chilling and notorious symbols early Friday sparked outrage from around the world, and Polish leaders declared recovering the 16-foot sign a top priority.

The sign read Arbeit Macht Frei — work makes you free — a grim Nazi slogan etched in the minds of millions. Interior Minister Jerzy Miller ordered police to question all possible witnesses and suspects in a nationwide effort to find the sign.

Meanwhile on Friday, President Shimon Peres met with Poland’s Prime Minister Donald Tusk in Copenhagen to discuss the theft of the infamous entrance sign.

Peres asked Tusk to take all necessary measures to capture the thieves and to restore the sign to its rightful place.

The President emphasized the importance of the sign to Tusk. “The sign has deep historical significance to the Jewish nation and to the entire world. It serves as a memorial for more than a million Jews who were exterminated at Auschwitz.”

Tusk assured Peres that his government is putting all its efforts in investigating the event and said that he has instructed the public security minister, who heads the police and special security forces in Poland, to make the sign theft a top priority.

“The sign’s theft is a very severe act and it is as painful for us as it is for you,” Tusk said.

Foreign Ministry official Yossi Levy said that Israel was “astounded and angry about the theft at Auschwitz.”

“Israel has full faith in the Polish authorities in charge of the investigation, and believes that the Polish police will apprehend the inhuman thieves and restore the sign to its place to serve as a chilling testimony of the horrors committed at the camp.”

Polish police spokeswoman Katarzyna Padlo said local authorities believed the sign was stolen between 3:30 a.m. and 5 a.m., when museum guards noticed that it was missing and alerted the police.

Padlo added that the iron sign, which spanned a gate at the main entrance to the former Nazi death camp, was removed by being unscrewed on one side and pulled off on the other.

Police are offering 5,000 zloty ($1,700 dollars) for information about the thieves or where the sign might be hidden, while private security firm Art-Security group offered twice that much.

They are also appealing to residents of Oswiecim for tips. The museum itself offered a 100,000-zloty ($34,000) award for information, a spokesman said late Friday.

The daily Gazeta Wyborcza said on its website that the museum authorities had already installed a replica sign over the gate that had been used briefly a few years ago when the original was being repaired.

“This [theft] is very saddening,” Gazeta Wyborcza quoted Jaroslaw Mensfelt, the museum’s spokesman, as saying.

“The thieves either didn’t know where they were or — what’s even worse — they did know but that didn’t prevent them from stealing.”

Information and Diaspora Minister Yuli Edelstein said in response that “this is one the Polish police’s biggest failures,” adding that” anti-Semitic events in the world are multiplying, and there is a valid fear for the safety of the Jews in the Diaspora.”

Noah Flug, who heads an umbrella organization of Holocaust survivors’ advocacy groups in Israel, said that he hopes the Polish police direct major efforts towards solving the crime and bringing the perpetrators to justice.

Hundreds of thousands of people visit the museum every year, but ticket sales are not enough to maintain the open-air site with its 155 buildings — including the gas chambers — 300 ruined facilities and hundreds of thousands of personal items.

On Wednesday, Germany committed itself to paying half the cost of restoring the leaky buildings and crumbling personal possessions of the former Nazi death camp.

The premiers of Germany’s 16 federal states and Chancellor Angela Merkel agreed in Berlin to contribute 60 million euros, saying Auschwitz must be maintained as a monument to condemn the Holocaust and Nazi reign of terror.

More than one million people, the large majority of whom were Jews, were murdered at the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp, spread over three sites. Birkenau, also known as Auschwitz II, was the site of gas chambers.

The Auschwitz-Birkenau International Memorial Foundation has appealed for 120 million euros to patch up 150 buildings and the ruins of 300 others. The money is also needed to preserve victims’ stored personal effects, including 80,000 shoes and 3,800 suitcases

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