Ellen Gruber Garvey’s books include Writing with Scissors: American Scrapbooks from the Civil War to the
Harlem Renaissance and The Adman in the Parlor. She is a professor of English at New Jersey City University. She
is co-chair of the Immigrant-Refugee Task Force at Congregation Kolot Chayeinu/Voices of Our Lives.
The story that people who came to America a generation or two ago “legally” followed all the rules is patently false.