Speech by Attorney General Sparks Church-State Furor

By Jennifer Siegel

Published March 02, 2007, issue of March 02, 2007.
  • Print
  • Share Share

The Bush administration is being accused of politicizing civil rights enforcement after Attorney General Alberto Gonzales used a major address in front of Christian allies to unveil the Justice Department’s stepped-up plan for defending religious liberties.

Gonzales presented the new initiative, dubbed the First Freedoms Project, in a February 20 speech in Nashville, Tenn., to the Southern Baptist Convention. The move was quickly criticized as “unsettling” by the Reverend Bob Edgar, a liberal critic of the administration and general secretary of the 45-million member National Council of Churches.

More broadly, critics of the administration, including civil liberties groups, say that the attorney general’s overture to religious conservatives is only the latest example of the politicization of the Justice Department, the executive department charged with enforcing the country’s civil rights laws. In recent weeks, the Justice Department has also come under fire for dismissing seven U.S. Attorneys over the past year, including a top federal prosecutor in Arkansas who the department acknowledged was pushed aside in favor of a former aide to presidential advisor Karl Rove.

Democratic leaders in Congress are vowing to use their newfound majority status to increase oversight of the Justice Department’s activities.

“Sadly, in recent years, I have grown more concerned about the division’s abysmal record of enforcing core civil rights protections for minorities,” said Senator Patrick Leahy, chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, in a statement released to the Forward this week. “We have asked the Attorney General and Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights questions about the Department’s enforcement of these laws, but have yet to receive the satisfactory answers we need to conduct our constitutionally mandated oversight role.”

Under Gonzales, the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division, which this year is celebrating its 50th anniversary, has boosted its work in the area of religious liberties. According to a report released by the department last week, the enforcement of protections against religious discrimination in education has risen under the Bush administration, with 82 cases reviewed and 40 investigations opened from 2001 to 2006, up from one review and no investigations from 1995 to 2000.

Jewish groups have lauded the department’s robust pursuit of religious discrimination cases, particularly in the area of employment, and its defense of a federal statue passed in 2000 that provides stronger protection for religious freedom in land use and prison contexts.

The First Freedoms Project will showcase the department’s focus on religious liberties through a series of regional training seminars for government officials and community leaders, and the launching of a new Web site to provide information about the department’s First Amendment work. In conjunction with last week’s announcement of the new program, the department released a 43-page report touting its efforts over the past six years to protect religious freedoms.

In response to the publicity blitz, liberal church-state watchdogs condemned the Justice Department for failing to defend the separation of church and state, even as it vigorously fights for the expansion of the free expression of religion in the public square.

“It’s very ironic that the Justice Department claims to be protecting Americans from religiously based discrimination when, in fact, they’re doing just the opposite,” said Rob Boston, a spokesman for Americans United for Separation of Church and State. “The Justice Department has insisted, for example, that religious groups should have the right to take public tax money through the faith-based initiative, and then hire or fire people based on their religion or lifestyle.”

The Justice Department stoked considerable controversy when it filed a brief on behalf of the Salvation Army and New York State and City officials who were sued in 2004 by current and former employees charging that the group’s religious criteria in staffing decisions coupled with its receipt of taxpayer money violated the Establishment Clause.

Steven Freeman, director of legal affairs for the Anti-Defamation League, said that the ADL welcomes the Justice Department’s work on free exercise cases but has been “troubled” by the department’s positions in a number of church-state fights, including its stance in the Salvation Army case. Freeman also expressed concern over what critics describe as the Justice Department’s lackluster response to allegations of improper proselytizing at the U.S. Air Force Academy.

Other civil liberties groups say that the Justice Department’s focus on religious rights has come at the expense of its work on behalf of other groups that are discriminated against, including women and minorities.

“There is still a big problem with racial discrimination issues, gender discrimination issues, and there is a belief that the resources that should normally be used to look at those kinds of issues are being diverted elsewhere,” said Hilary Shelton, Washington director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. “That is not to suggest that there aren’t real problems with religious discrimination, and certainly the Justice Department should be investigating cases along those lines, as well. But they are investigating fewer [racial discrimination] cases, and they’re actually pursuing fewer cases as they move from the investigatory phase to the phase of prosecution or even settlement.”

Julie Fernandes, senior counsel of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, told the Forward that over the past six years, the administration has brought only five cases under section two of the Voting Rights Act, the section that protects minority representation. This number is down from 10 or 12 per year during the Clinton administration.

According to testimony given by Rep. Melvin Watt, a North Carolina Democrat and chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus, at a hearing held by the NAACP last summer, the Justice Department has been pursuing fewer cases in the areas of employment and housing discrimination, and has taken on very few of the “pattern or practice cases” that target widespread discriminatory behavior.

A Justice Department spokesman did not respond to the Forward’s request for information.


The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.





Find us on Facebook!
  • Is Twitter Israel's new worst enemy?
  • More than 50 former Israeli soldiers have refused to serve in the current ground operation in #Gaza.
  • "My wife and I are both half-Jewish. Both of us very much felt and feel American first and Jewish second. We are currently debating whether we should send our daughter to a Jewish pre-K and kindergarten program or to a public one. Pros? Give her a Jewish community and identity that she could build on throughout her life. Cons? Costs a lot of money; She will enter school with the idea that being Jewish makes her different somehow instead of something that you do after or in addition to regular school. Maybe a Shabbat sing-along would be enough?"
  • Undeterred by the conflict, 24 Jews participated in the first ever Jewish National Fund— JDate singles trip to Israel. Translation: Jews age 30 to 45 travelled to Israel to get it on in the sun, with a side of hummus.
  • "It pains and shocks me to say this, but here goes: My father was right all along. He always told me, as I spouted liberal talking points at the Shabbos table and challenged his hawkish views on Israel and the Palestinians to his unending chagrin, that I would one day change my tune." Have you had a similar experience?
  • "'What’s this, mommy?' she asked, while pulling at the purple sleeve to unwrap this mysterious little gift mom keeps hidden in the inside pocket of her bag. Oh boy, how do I answer?"
  • "I fear that we are witnessing the end of politics in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. I see no possibility for resolution right now. I look into the future and see only a void." What do you think?
  • Not a gazillionaire? Take the "poor door."
  • "We will do what we must to protect our people. We have that right. We are not less deserving of life and quiet than anyone else. No more apologies."
  • "Woody Allen should have quit while he was ahead." Ezra Glinter's review of "Magic in the Moonlight": http://jd.fo/f4Q1Q
  • Jon Stewart responds to his critics: “Look, obviously there are many strong opinions on this. But just merely mentioning Israel or questioning in any way the effectiveness or humanity of Israel’s policies is not the same thing as being pro-Hamas.”
  • "My bat mitzvah party took place in our living room. There were only a few Jewish kids there, and only one from my Sunday school class. She sat in the corner, wearing the right clothes, asking her mom when they could go." The latest in our Promised Lands series — what state should we visit next?
  • Former Israeli National Security Advisor Yaakov Amidror: “A cease-fire will mean that anytime Hamas wants to fight it can. Occupation of Gaza will bring longer-term quiet, but the price will be very high.” What do you think?
  • Should couples sign a pre-pregnancy contract, outlining how caring for the infant will be equally divided between the two parties involved? Just think of it as a ketubah for expectant parents:
  • Many #Israelis can't make it to bomb shelters in time. One of them is Amos Oz.
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.