Is Israel Losing Young Democrats?

Polls Show an Increasing Divide Between the Parties

Goodbye and Good Luck: Obama bids farewell to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu after his recent trip to Israel.
Getty Images
Goodbye and Good Luck: Obama bids farewell to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu after his recent trip to Israel.

By Leonard Fein

Published April 06, 2013, issue of April 12, 2013.
  • Print
  • Share Share

Some people find numbers intimidating. If you are among them, skip the first four paragraphs.

When it comes to Americans favoring Israel over the Palestinians, Israel wins by a wide margin — 54% to 8%. Alas, if that’s as far as you read, you will be woefully underinformed. For that number is only for Americans aged 65 and older (though the next age bracket down, 50-64, is pretty much the same). In the 30-49 age bracket, Israel drops to 47%, and the Palestinians inch forward to 11%. And in the 18-29 bracket, Israel is favored by 36%, the Palestinians by 19%.

The Pew Research Center surveyed Americans in mid-March, albeit before President Obama’s possibly paradigm shifting trip to Israel. Overall, it finds that 49% sympathize more with Israel than with the Palestinians, with another 12% saying they sympathize with neither side.

But: In the survey, 66% of Republicans say they sympathize more with Israel, compared to 49% of independents and just 39% of Democrats. In 1978, a key poll found pro-Israel sympathy among Republicans at 49%, 45% of independents and 44% of Democrats. So the partisan divide is growing.

The differences are even wider when respondents are asked whether President Obama “favors Palestinians too much.” Republicans — 39% of them — think that he does, as do just 7% of Democrats, while 22% of independents hold that view.

This profusion of numbers can, I know, be daunting, but their gist is plain: A chasm separates Democrats and Republicans when it comes to sympathizing with Israel. And if, as some analysts believe, the Democrats’ general advantage with young people is likely to persist, that chasm may well grow.

I am a determined Democrat, and I therefore have a party-serving explanation for why this might be: Democrats have a greater appreciation for nuance and are more familiar with the facts, and the facts these days do not impel sympathy for Israel. Democrats prefer Israel as Athens while Republicans lean toward Israel as Sparta. (Saul Bellow once wrote that Israel is that rare country that seeks to be both Sparta and Athens simultaneously, and largely succeeds.) But the truth is that all we can do here is speculate; we don’t begin to know the causes of the difference.

What we do know is that Israel’s image problems are not matters that can readily be erased by better hasbarah — a word that technically means “explanation” but that in context is closer to propaganda. Israel is as complicated as it is small. Any number of factors may contribute to the erosion of its erstwhile magic: the shameful role of religion in statecraft, the rate of poverty among children, the anti-Israel and anti-Semitic barbs hurled at it — and, of course, the Occupation. And not just the Occupation, but the evident desire of a significant number of Israelis to hold on to the occupied territories and incorporate them into Israel. Such intentions are no longer whispered; they have become part of common discourse, and their proponents are in the Knesset and in the government itself.

There are those who believe that a two-state solution is an idea whose time has come — and gone. They believe that it is simply too late to disentangle the settlers who dwell beyond the Green Line. Yet they know such a position, if it becomes Israel’s policy, immediately raises the familiar “triple threat.” What of the Palestinians who very substantially outnumber Israelis in the West Bank? If they stay, shall they be allowed to become citizens, hence to vote? Farewell, Jewish state. Or shall the vote be denied them — apartheid, in blunt terms? Or shall they be expelled — or, in the preferred language, “transferred”?

That is why a two-state solution cannot be discarded, however improbable it has come to be. Ben Gurion used to say that to be a realist in Israel means you have to believe in miracles. I write these words on Easter Sunday, so you will understand if I have resurrection on my mind. If the two-state solution is comatose, or even if it is thought to be dead, then it is time for a miracle of resurrection. No other choice will do. No other choice will protect Israel as a democratic Jewish state.

Contact Leonard Fein at feedback@forward.com


The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.





Find us on Facebook!
  • How about a side of Hitler with your spaghetti?
  • Why "Be fruitful and multiply" isn't as simple as it seems:
  • William Schabas may be the least of Israel's problems.
  • You've heard of the #IceBucketChallenge, but Forward publisher Sam Norich has something better: a #SoupBucketChallenge (complete with matzo balls!) Jon Stewart, Sarah Silverman & David Remnick, you have 24 hours!
  • Did Hamas just take credit for kidnapping the three Israeli teens?
  • "We know what it means to be in the headlines. We know what it feels like when the world sits idly by and watches the news from the luxury of their living room couches. We know the pain of silence. We know the agony of inaction."
  • When YA romance becomes "Hasidsploitation":
  • "I am wrapping up the summer with a beach vacation with my non-Jewish in-laws. They’re good people and real leftists who try to live the values they preach. This was a quality I admired, until the latest war in Gaza. Now they are adamant that American Jews need to take more responsibility for the deaths in Gaza. They are educated people who understand the political complexity, but I don’t think they get the emotional complexity of being an American Jew who is capable of criticizing Israel but still feels a deep connection to it. How can I get this across to them?"
  • “'I made a new friend,' my son told his grandfather later that day. 'I don’t know her name, but she was very nice. We met on the bus.' Welcome to Israel."
  • A Jewish female sword swallower. It's as cool as it sounds (and looks)!
  • Why did David Menachem Gordon join the IDF? In his own words: "The Israel Defense Forces is an army that fights for her nation’s survival and the absence of its warriors equals destruction from numerous regional foes. America is not quite under the threat of total annihilation… Simply put, I felt I was needed more in Israel than in the United States."
  • Leonard Fein's most enduring legacy may be his rejection of dualism: the idea that Jews must choose between assertiveness and compassion, between tribalism and universalism. Steven M. Cohen remembers a great Jewish progressive:
  • BREAKING: Missing lone soldier David Menachem Gordon has been found dead in central Israel. The Ohio native was 21 years old.
  • “They think they can slap on an Amish hat and a long black robe, and they’ve created a Hasid." What do you think of Hollywood's portrayal of Hasidic Jews?
  • “I’ve been doing this since I was a teenager. I didn’t think I would have to do it when I was 90.” Hedy Epstein fled Nazi Germany in 1933 on a Kinderstransport.
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.