Israel and the Swiss Banks

Published April 30, 2004, issue of April 30, 2004.
  • Print
  • Share Share

With Israel facing unprecedented diplomatic isolation, and with antisemitic rhetoric and imagery surging to dangerous levels around the world, Jerusalem could not have picked a worse time to pick a fight with a Brooklyn federal court over its share of the $1.25 billion settlement between Holocaust survivors and Swiss banks.

The Swiss bank restitution fund has been a subject of embarrassing brawls ever since it was set up in the 1998 class action settlement between Holocaust victims and the banks they say looted their accounts. While most of the money was reserved for individual bank depositors who were denied access to their accounts after the war, a small share was set aside to assist needy Holocaust survivors around the world. Ever since, survivor advocates and their lawyers have been squabbling over who should get how much of the cash, to the delight of Holocaust-deniers and Jew-haters everywhere.

It was into this mire that Israel jumped headfirst last week with a sharply-worded memorandum to U.S. District Judge Edward Korman, demanding that Israel receive nearly half of any funds left over after the legal claims have been satisfied. The stated logic is largely that Israel is, by its own calculations, home to nearly half of all living Holocaust survivors, and the money should go where the people are. The memo also claims that Israel’s social service network is under huge pressure, and that the needs are greater than is commonly known.

As it happens, Korman decided early on to give priority to destitute survivors in the former Soviet Union, where economic collapse, compounded by years of isolation and neglect, have led to horrendous conditions. Fully three-fourths of the available funds have gone to provide emergency food and medicine to aging survivors in and around Ukraine. Much smaller sums have gone to meet survivor needs in the United States, Israel and other places where the court ruled that existing social safety nets obviated the worst need. Repeated appeals to distribute funds on the basis of population — in effect, to give a larger share in places where more survivors live, regardless of need — have been firmly rejected.

The debate is heating up again now because it’s becoming clear that some of the money reserved for the original bank-account owners will never be claimed. Indeed, of the $800 million set aside for depositors, only $155 million has been returned to date. Under pressure to give out the rest while survivors are still alive, Judge Korman agreed to accept new proposals last winter. The court’s special master, Judah Gribetz, recommended recently that the court stick largely to its earlier formula and direct most available funds to the former Soviet Union, where the human needs remain desperate. Korman agreed to hear opposing arguments at a public hearing this week.

It is true, as Israel argues, that a significant number of the destitute survivors in the former Soviet Union have relocated to Israel in recent years, increasing Israel’s burden. That’s why Gribetz increased Israel’s share of future humanitarian funds from 14% to 20% in his latest round of recommendations.

But many other Israeli arguments are specious. The crisis in social welfare is largely a result of government cuts driven by a neoliberal, Thatcherite economics. It’s true that Israel must cope with a huge defense burden and declining international investment. It’s also true that Israel has managed over the past two decades to work its way from first to last among industrialized nations in income equality. It’s not clear that this is the sort of hardship for which the Swiss humanitarian funds were intended.

As for the undercount of its survivor population, that’s questionable at best. Israel’s numbers are based in part on a recent study that counts as Nazi victims persons who lived during World War II in countries like Egypt and Iraq where the local populace sympathized with Hitler. With all due respect, that’s not what is meant by Holocaust victims.

Israel has legitimate burdens and fears, and it is entitled to turn to friends and allies abroad for assistance. But the tone and content of its latest appeal to the U.S. district court in Brooklyn carry an unfortunate odor of opportunism. It looks as though Israel sees those looted Holocaust-era bank accounts as an available pool of money to close its budget gap, and it wants that money. That’s the last thing the world needs to hear right now.






Find us on Facebook!
  • Most tasteless video ever? A new video shows Jesus Christ dying at Auschwitz.
  • "It’s the smell that hits me first — musty, almost sweet, emanating from the green felt that cradles each piece of silver cutlery in its own place." Only one week left to submit! Tell us the story of your family's Jewish heirloom.
  • Mazel tov to Chelsea Clinton and Marc Mezvinsky!
  • If it's true, it's pretty terrifying news.
  • “My mom went to cook at the White House and all I got was this tiny piece of leftover raspberry ganache."
  • Planning on catching "Fading Gigolo" this weekend? Read our review.
  • A new initiative will spend $300 million a year towards strengthening Israel's relationship with the Diaspora. http://jd.fo/q3Iaj Is this money spent wisely?
  • Lusia Horowitz left pre-state Israel to fight fascism in Spain — and wound up being captured by the Nazis and sent to die at Auschwitz. Share her remarkable story — told in her letters.
  • Vered Guttman doesn't usually get nervous about cooking for 20 people, even for Passover. But last night was a bit different. She was cooking for the Obamas at the White House Seder.
  • A grumpy Jewish grandfather is wary of his granddaughter's celebrating Easter with the in-laws. But the Seesaw says it might just make her appreciate Judaism more. What do you think?
  • “Twist and Shout.” “Under the Boardwalk.” “Brown-Eyed Girl.” What do these great songs have in common? A forgotten Jewish songwriter. We tracked him down.
  • What can we learn from tragedies like the rampage in suburban Kansas City? For one thing, we must keep our eyes on the real threats that we as Jews face.
  • When is a legume not necessarily a legume? Philologos has the answer.
  • "Sometime in my childhood, I realized that the Exodus wasn’t as remote or as faceless as I thought it was, because I knew a former slave. His name was Hersh Nemes, and he was my grandfather." Share this moving Passover essay!
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.