Some of Americans’ Best Friends Are...

By Bethamie Horowitz

Published March 19, 2004, issue of March 19, 2004.
  • Print
  • Share Share

With the release of Mel Gibson’s “The Passion of the Christ” and surging hostility toward Jews overseas, many American Jews are feeling rumblings of dread about the possibility of a wave of antisemitism arriving on these shores.

In light of these anxieties, it’s worth looking at how Americans really feel about their Jewish fellow citizens. Fortunately, there is a treasure trove of reliable information to be found in a number of recent studies of the American population. And their results should offer a certain relief: The Jewish community is woven tightly — and more securely than ever — into the fabric of American society.

More than half of Americans (58%) reported personally knowing a Jewish person, according to the General Social Survey 2000. Meanwhile, the National Survey of Religion and Ethnicity 2000 found that more than two-fifths (43%) of Americans said that at least some of their closest friends are Jewish. This result is surprisingly high considering that Jews make up only a little more than 2% of the American population.

Social connections to Jews are particularly extensive among certain segments of the American public. Four-fifths of Americans with graduate degrees reported close friendships with Jews, compared to less than one-third of those who had not completed high school. People living in metropolitan areas are more likely to have Jewish friends than those living in rural areas. People working as professionals, managers, executives, or in finance or technical fields (i.e. “knowledge workers”) are also more likely than other Americans to have such friendships. And a higher proportion of whites than blacks or Hispanics reported these connections.

Along with a growing breadth of social ties between Jews and other Americans, having a Jewish relative has also become more common. Approximately one-tenth of Americans report having Jewish relatives, according to the GSS (9%) and NSRE (11.5%). One’s Jewish family members or ancestry may even be a source of pride for a person in the public eye. (Think of Madeleine Albright, Tom Stoppard, Wesley Clark, Howard Dean and John Kerry.)

The positive connections between Jews and non-Jewish Americans is particularly striking given the situation that prevailed only a hundred years ago. At the beginning of the 20th century, Jews were seen as a distinct and separate race, and were not particularly welcome in high society. In 1905 the news of a marriage between a young Jewish immigrant woman and the scion of a prominent New York WASP family was so out of the ordinary that it made the front page of The New York Times.

While the Jewish community usually perceives rising rates of intermarriage as problematic, they are also an indication of the degree to which Jews have succeeded at integrating into American society. Only 13% of Americans say they would object to a close relative marrying a Jewish person, according to the GSS.

Along with social integration have come increasingly positive attitudes toward Jews. While many Jews worry that they are perceived as wielding inordinate power, other Americans are more likely to rate Jews as having too little influence (22%) rather than “too much” (12%), according to a 2000 survey by the National Conference for Community and Justice. The majority of Americans (57%) feel that Jews have “the right amount” of influence in our society today, while 10% say they “don’t know.” By way of comparison, 22% of Americans see fundamentalist Christians as having too much influence, 23% say they have too little influence, 37% say they have the right amount of influence and 18% “don’t know.”

Moreover, more than half (53%) of Americans view Jews as having made a positive contribution to America, placing Jews second only to the English — the founders of this country — as the most highly valued of the ethnic groups included in the GSS. For a group formerly known as a “pariah people,” we’ve come a long way.

Bethamie Horowitz, a social psychologist, is research director for the Mandel Foundation and was a member of the National Technical Advisory Committee of the National Jewish Population Survey 2000-01.






Find us on Facebook!
  • "How much should I expect him and/or ask him to participate? Is it enough to have one parent reciting the prayers and observing the holidays?" What do you think?
  • New York and Montreal have been at odds for far too long. Stop the bagel wars, sign our bagel peace treaty!
  • Really, can you blame them?
  • “How I Stopped Hating Women of the Wall and Started Talking to My Mother.” Will you see it?
  • Taglit-Birthright Israel is redefining who they consider "Jewish" after a 17% drop in registration from 2011-2013. Is the "propaganda tag" keeping young people away?
  • Happy birthday William Shakespeare! Turns out, the Bard knew quite a bit about Jews.
  • Would you get to know racists on a first-name basis if you thought it might help you prevent them from going on rampages, like the recent shooting in Kansas City?
  • "You wouldn’t send someone for a math test without teaching them math." Why is sex ed still so taboo among religious Jews?
  • Russia's playing the "Jew card"...again.
  • "Israel should deal with this discrimination against Americans on its own merits... not simply as a bargaining chip for easy entry to the U.S." Do you agree?
  • For Moroccan Jews, the end of Passover means Mimouna. Terbhou ou Tse'dou! (good luck) How do you celebrate?
  • Calling all Marx Brothers fans!
  • What's it like to run the Palestine International Marathon as a Jew?
  • Does Israel have a racism problem?
  • This 007 hates guns, drives a Prius, and oh yeah — goes to shul with Scarlett Johansson's dad.
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.