Washington Anger At Israel Grows As Outposts Stay

Published December 12, 2003, issue of December 12, 2003.
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WASHINGTON — Distrust and anger in the Bush administration is growing over the refusal of Prime Minister Sharon to dismantle illegal outposts in the West Bank.

Administration officials recently told pro-Israel activists in Washington that Sharon’s failure to dismantle these mini-settlements — some of them uninhabited and all of them erected without Israeli government approval — is fostering mistrust in the White House and hurting personal relations between President Bush and the Israeli leader.

One pro-Israel activist went so far as to warn that Sharon’s inaction on illegal settlements could lead the Bush administration to limit its support for Israel if the International Court of Justice in the Hague takes up the issue of the West Bank security fence. The U.N. General Assembly approved a non-binding resolution Monday asking the court to consider the “legal consequences arising from the construction of the wall being built by Israel, the occupying power.”

“This outpost issue is a big problem for Israel. The administration is talking about it as a manifestation of bad will,” said one pro-Israel activist with close ties to Mideast policy makers. “Because of such issues, the administration is developing an attitude toward Sharon of judging him by his actions, not by his words.”

The growing mistrust toward Sharon, observers said, helps explain why administration officials are reacting skeptically to proposals made by the Israeli leader and his deputy prime minister, Ehud Olmert, to unilaterally impose a “separation” plan in the West Bank if the Palestinians do not fulfill their part of the “road map” peace plan.

Administration officials and policy experts have been playing a guessing game over Sharon’s intentions since the launching of the road map. Some officials in the administration think that the war-weary former general is genuinely seeking to strike a bold peace deal and is willing to make the necessary concessions to the Palestinians. Others, however, accuse the Israeli prime minister of simply going through the diplomatic motions of the road map in order not to damage his relations with Washington, while taking unilateral actions to thwart the plan. Advocates of both views point to Sharon’s vague promises to support their views, as they anxiously wait for him, in the words of one pro-Israel activist “to clarify his intentions, by actions more than by words.”

Sharon on Tuesday told the Knesset security and foreign affairs committee that he was preparing to unveil a plan for unilateral measures to be taken in case the Palestinian Authority does not implement its obligations under the road map. Sharon reportedly characterized his plan as being “complex, difficult and controversial,” and added that the plan may involve “relocating settlements.” He did not elaborate.

American and Israeli diplomatic sources confirmed that in his visit to Israel earlier this month, Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs William Burns urged his Israeli interlocutors to take immediate and decisive action against the outposts.

Jewish settlers in the West Bank have erected more than 60 illegal outposts since Sharon took office in March of 2001. His government says it dismantled eight outposts, but five of them were reportedly rebuilt, according to Israel’s Peace Now movement, which monitors settlement activity in the territories. Recently, Sharon government officials have been publicly discussing plans to approve some of those outposts and grant them legal status, causing further frustration in Washington. Under the terms of the road map, Israel is obliged to freeze settlement activity in general and dismantle all illegal outposts in the West Bank.

One pro-Israel activist said that he was told by a White House official: “Bush received a personal promise from Sharon to immediately dismantle the outposts, and Sharon has not done that.”

The president has reportedly expressed dismay to his foreign policy aides over what he views as Sharon’s failure to keep a personal promise that the Israeli leader made to Bush more than seven months ago. The promise was made at the summit in Aqaba, Jordan, in May, when Bush met with Sharon and then-Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas.

According to the Bush administration’s view, the outposts ought to be dismantled regardless of the progress in implementing the “road map” peace plan. Israeli diplomats say that Israel is not carrying out its share of road-map commitments because the Palestinians have not executed their share of the deal. But, a source said that American officials believe “the outposts are not a purely diplomatic issue but a matter of enforcing Israel’s own law.”

“Bush puts a premium on personal relationships with world leaders,” said a pro-Israel activist, speaking on condition of anonymity. “If you cross the line with him, you’re out of favor.”

Diplomats and pundits in Washington speculated last week that Secretary of State Colin Powell’s decision to meet December 5 with authors of the unofficial peace initiative known as the Geneva Understanding was in part intended to send a message of discontent to Sharon. Whether that was the intention or not, Sharon and his aides did interpret the meeting as a rebuke.

Powell is set to meet December 12 with the authors of another freelance peace agreement, former Israeli security service chief Ami Ayalon and Palestinian professor Sari Nusseibeh. The pair is conducting petition drives among Israelis and Palestinians in support of a two-state solution similar to the one outlined in the Geneva deal.

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