Michael Z. Wise


Toppling Hitler’s Role Model

By Michael Z. Wise

Toppling Hitler’s Role Model
When Vienna-born neurobiologist Eric Kandel won the Nobel Prize in medicine in 2000, he took pains to clarify that the honor was awarded to a Jewish American rather than an Austrian. Kandel fled his hometown after the Nazi Anschluss in 1938, and his remark prompted Austria’s then president, Thomas Klestil, to phone him and ask, “How can we make things right?” Kandel’s first request was that the part of Vienna’s fabled Ringstrasse named after antisemitic mayor Karl Lueger be renamed.Read More


Deconstructing Philip

By Michael Z. Wise

When the synagogue that Philip Johnson designed free of charge to atone for his antisemitic past added a canopy over its entry two decades ago, the celebrated architect complained that the vinyl overhang was a blot on his creation.Read More



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