On July 16-17, 1942, some 9,000 French police rounded up and arrested 13,000 French Jews, the majority of them women and children. Held briefly in inhumane conditions at the Vélodrome d’Hiver stadium, these Jews would soon be deported East, most never to return. French police acted under the supervision not of the Nazis, but of the wartime Vichy regime — the authoritarian, anti-Semitic French government of Marshal Philippe Pétain that eagerly collaborated with German occupying forces.
If you think Jews and Muslims in France are inevitable enemies, think again. Ethan Katz recalls a time when they were allies, friends and lovers — and explains why we rarely see them that way today.