Skip To Content
JEWISH. INDEPENDENT. NONPROFIT.

Support the Forward

Funded by readers like you DonateSubscribe
Culture

Third Century Synagogue Unearthed in Turkey

1913 •100 years ago

Nursery’s heartbreaking scenes

A black sign hanging on an old three-story house on the Lower East Side’s Madison Street has written on it, in golden letters: “Hebrew Day Nursery.” This means that inside is a place where they keep babies for the day while their mothers are at work. What sad scenes our reporter saw inside. The brightest colors, most powerful pen and the most creative prose couldn’t begin to describe the heartbreaking scenes and breathtaking dramas that take place in the Jewish day nursery — and that’s only as the mothers drop off the kids before work. The nursery wasn’t created as a business: It is free of charge for those who leave their children there. It was founded two years ago by Jewish women, mostly from Russia, who saw a need for working women to have a safe place to keep their children while at work.

1938 •75 years ago

Resolution opposes Jews in Poland

In Poland, Ignace Paderewski’s Labor Party, which is currently helmed by General Jozef Haller, passed a resolution that opposes Jewish influence in Polish life and supports Jewish emigration from Poland. The resolution demands “diplomatic, social and administrative action to remove Jewish influences and to transfer all economic positions to Poles.” It also demands a “plan to organize mass emigration of the Jewish community with the help of the government.” The resolution condemns racism and violence and adds that Jews who pledge their loyalty to Poland can remain in the country and retain full citizenship.

1963 •50 years ago

Turkish Synagogue discovered

A third-century synagogue has been unearthed during excavations in the town of Madris, in eastern Turkey. Two large marble pieces, thought to be part of the bimah, the location from which the Torah is read, were found. Other large pieces of marble with Hebrew and Greek writing listing the names of synagogue members were also discovered. Professor Louis Robert, director of the French Archaeological Institute, is in charge of the dig and estimates that the synagogue was built between 220 and 250 C.E. and abandoned a few hundred years later, sometime during the fourth or fifth centuries. One of the synagogue walls abutted a marketplace with stores owned by Jewish merchants, whose names — Yaakov, Shabtai and Teoktistos — were etched into the walls..

Engage

Republish This Story

Please read before republishing

We’re happy to make this story available to republish for free, unless it originated with JTA, Haaretz or another publication (as indicated on the article) and as long as you follow our guidelines. You must credit the Forward, retain our pixel and preserve our canonical link in Google search.  See our full guidelines for more information, and this guide for detail about canonical URLs.

To republish, copy the HTML by clicking on the yellow button to the right; it includes our tracking pixel, all paragraph styles and hyperlinks, the author byline and credit to the Forward. It does not include images; to avoid copyright violations, you must add them manually, following our guidelines. Please email us at [email protected], subject line “republish,” with any questions or to let us know what stories you’re picking up.

We don't support Internet Explorer

Please use Chrome, Safari, Firefox, or Edge to view this site.