Foods of Freedom: Egyptian Leek Mina
After the bitter herbs, charoset, salt water and the symbolism that goes along with them, the Passover seder can easily slip into a festive meal containing minimal meaning, save for the deliciousness of this year’s soup versus last year’s. Though our Passover entrees are often filled with significance, as foods of family tradition and memories of Passovers past, main dishes during the seder should not be overlooked as an opportunity to infuse a holiday meal with meaning. This year we have chosen recipes from two nations, which in the last two decades have found new freedom — Egypt and South Africa. We hope that these dishes spark lively conversation about the path to modern freedom around the Passover table.
At the start of 2011 the world watched as the Egyptian people overthrew longtime dictator Hosni Mubarak. It is not often that we can so easily honor the Haggadah’s instruction that “In every generation one must look upon himself as if he personally has come out of Egypt.”
The Jewish community of Egypt dates back to the time of the prophet Jeremiah (587 B.C.E.) and has a long and storied presence in the country. By the sixteenth century it consisted of Arabic-speaking, North African and Spanish Jewish immigrants. Today, that community has all but disappeared, but the Jewish connection with Egypt lives on through historical ties, the Haggadah and of course, food.
Mina (also spelled mayeena and meena) is a Sephardic matzo casserole commonly found on the Egyptian Jewish seder table. Derived conceptually from a layered pastry, mina can be served as a side dish or a main course, made to be meat or dairy, and is often stuffed with green vegetables such as leeks or spinach, symbolic of spring and new beginnings.
This recipe for mina comes from Emilie de Vidas Levy’s “Sephardic Cookery,” taught to the author’s mother in Egypt.
As we eat mina during Passover this year, let us honor and be inspired by the newly found freedom of modern day Egyptians.
This recipe and other creative thoughts on how to enrich your seder will appear in the Forward’s first Haggadah supplement in this week’s issue.
Leek Mina for Passover (Mina de Carne con Prassa)
Adapted from “Sephardic Cookery: Traditional Recipes for a Joyful Table,” by Emilie de Vidas Levy
8 matzo squares
2 pounds chopped beef, lightly browned
2 mashed potatoes
leeks, 5-6 stalks
1 teaspoon salt
oil for greasing pan
water for soaking matzo
1) Soak matzo squares in water until soft. Drain on paper towels and reserve. Trim leaks, cut into ringlets and wash thoroughly, using the white part and some of the green if fresh. Boil leeks for 14 minutes and drain.
2) Keep liquid for soup. Mix leeks with browned, chopped meat. Add mashed potatoes and salt. Beat 5 eggs and add to meat mixture.
3) Grease 12x9x2 inch baking pan with oil, or use a casserole dish, 8 inches in diameter. Cover the pan with half of the matzo squares. Spread the meat mixture over them and cover with a layer of the rest of the matzo. Beat remaining egg and pour over the top.
4) Bake in moderate oven at 375 degrees for one hour.
Variation: You may omit leeks and substitute 2 chopped onions and ½ cup chopped parsley which are added to the meat. Bake as above.
Re-printed with permission from Irma Lopes Cardozo of the Women’s Division of the Central Sephardic Jewish Community of America.