A Musical Midrashist

Q&A

By Alexander Gelfand

Published December 05, 2007, issue of December 07, 2007.
  • Print
  • Share Share

Composer Michael Isaacson has returned to his roots — and not quietly. In the 1960s, Isaacson helped instigate the American Jewish camp song movement before moving on to a career writing music for film and television — composing the themes for “Days of Our Lives,” “Hawaii Five-O” and “The Bionic Woman.” Eventually, Isaacson returned to Jewish music, composing hundreds of Jewish works and recording dozens of CDs. Today, his music can be heard in synagogues throughout North America.

ISAACSON: \'Why is it that people are satisfied with second-rate music?\'
ISAACSON: \'Why is it that people are satisfied with second-rate music?\'

But Isaacson is not content to rest on his laurels. In his new book, “Jewish Music as Midrash: What Makes Music Jewish?” published by ECM, Isaacson explains how today’s Jewish music could be made better — and more inherently Jewish. In an interview with the Forward’s Alexander Gelfand, Isaacson gave us a window into his thinking.

A.G.: So, what makes music Jewish?

M.I.: Well, if I tell you in one sentence, no one will buy the book. But I’ll tell you what it isn’t: It isn’t putting it in D minor. It doesn’t have to do with whether the composer or performer is Jewish. It doesn’t even have to do with where you first heard it. These surface attributes are not the real test.

A.G.: Much of your book is devoted to the concept of music as midrash. How can music help interpret a text or an idea?

M.I.: Music can tone-paint, it can emphasize, it can de-emphasize. And the way it reacts with a text is the way it comments on it.

Say, for example, we have two settings of “Adon Olam.” One “Adon Olam” is happy and cheery, and somebody says, “What does that mean?” And you say, “It’s probably just a happy-go-lucky song.” And then you read the text, and the text is the most phenomenal expression of God’s primacy. And you say, “Gee, I didn’t get that from the music.” And then you listen to [Ernest] Bloch’s setting, and you understand it.

The point is for the artist to add a layer of their own thinking to the text. That’s midrash.

A.G.: You introduce the concept of the composer’s drash, or interpretive stance. Given how subjective musical reception is, how can you know that people will hear what you want them to hear?

M.I.: You can’t. If you have 10 people in a room, they’ll have 10 different interpretations. That’s the elusive part of art in general. I don’t think it’s the onus of the artist alone to make effective art. It’s the co-responsibility of the artist and the audience to make it together.

A.G.: Much of what you prescribe for good sacred music — providing emotional context, establishing musical signposts for listeners — sounds like the tools of the film composer’s trade. Is this a manual for film scoring dressed up in midrashic language?

M.I.: No, it’s probably just the opposite: It’s using good storytelling techniques to bring music alive in the synagogue. Religion started as storytelling, and in order to sustain it, we must apply those principles. If the creativity one brings to writing for the stage and the screen were brought to the pulpit, it would be wonderful.

A.G.: You’re not wild about the influence of American Jewish camp song on Jewish liturgical music. But aren’t you partly responsible for that?

M.I.: Mea culpa. The only thing that I can say in my defense is that I was a kid when it happened, and I enjoyed it, and then I moved on in my life. I don’t apologize for any song that I wrote for camp; I would just like them to consider the other stuff, as well. I would like them to understand that balance is the issue.

If we only ate one kind of food, if we only wore one kind of clothing, we would be imbalanced. That’s why I keep bringing the camp thing up, because I think it represents imbalance and I don’t think it represents a successful strategy for the future.

A.G.: You’re also not wild about the influence of popular secular music on Jewish liturgical music?

M.I.: Secular music is fine — I write it all the time for a living — but you can either write for passing fashion or you can write for eternity. My fear is that if we become too concerned with accessibility and timeliness, then we’re going to lose touch with the eternal. And then why should someone go to synagogue when they could put on a CD while they’re driving their car? Why be a Jew when you could be an ethical culturalist? That thought process really leads to a very destructive posture.

A.G.: You write that Hasidic music is solely concerned with providing a route to spiritual ecstasy, and argue that “we can do better.” Isn’t there a place for that kind of thing?

M.I.: Absolutely. But again, I bring you back to balance. I don’t think that the best way of being Jewish is just being spiritually ecstatic. I think [ecstasy] has a place in Judaism, I think that Hasidism obviously has a place in Judaism, and I’m not arguing that one should be a Mitnagged as opposed to a Hasid. I’m saying balance it out. As part of your diet, add music that is more rational.

I suspect that 90% of the people who hear music in synagogue don’t think about it at all. But I think about it, and I feel about it, and I just ask that the larger community of Jewish people think and feel about it, as well.

We are both passionate people and thinking people, and if this balance is gone, then pretty soon Judaism will not be what we want it to be. That’s the midrash of this book: Inherent in music is the possibility to access eternity, but if we limit our deeper thinking and feeling, then that access will be denied.


The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.





Find us on Facebook!
  • The eggplant is beloved in Israel. So why do Americans keep giving it a bad rap? With this new recipe, Vered Guttman sets out to defend the honor of her favorite vegetable.
  • “KlezKamp has always been a crazy quilt of gay and straight, religious and nonreligious, Jewish and gentile.” Why is the klezmer festival shutting down now?
  • “You can plagiarize the Bible, can’t you?” Jill Sobule says when asked how she went about writing the lyrics for a new 'Yentl' adaptation. “A couple of the songs I completely stole." Share this with the theater-lovers in your life!
  • Will Americans who served in the Israeli army during the Gaza operation face war crimes charges when they get back home?
  • Talk about a fashion faux pas. What was Zara thinking with the concentration camp look?
  • “The Black community was resistant to the Jewish community coming into the neighborhood — at first.” Watch this video about how a group of gardeners is rebuilding trust between African-Americans and Jews in Detroit.
  • "I am a Jewish woman married to a non-Jewish man who was raised Catholic, but now considers himself a “common-law Jew.” We are raising our two young children as Jews. My husband's parents are still semi-practicing Catholics. When we go over to either of their homes, they bow their heads, often hold hands, and say grace before meals. This is an especially awkward time for me, as I'm uncomfortable participating in a non-Jewish religious ritual, but don't want his family to think I'm ungrateful. It's becoming especially vexing to me now that my oldest son is 7. What's the best way to handle this situation?" http://jd.fo/b4ucX What would you do?
  • Maybe he was trying to give her a "schtickle of fluoride"...
  • It's all fun, fun, fun, until her dad takes the T-Bird away for Shabbos.
  • "Like many Jewish people around the world, I observed Shabbat this weekend. I didn’t light candles or recite Hebrew prayers; I didn’t eat challah or matzoh ball soup or brisket. I spent my Shabbat marching for justice for Eric Garner of Staten Island, Michael Brown of Ferguson, and all victims of police brutality."
  • Happy #NationalDogDay! To celebrate, here's a little something from our archives:
  • A Jewish couple was attacked on Monday night in New York City's Upper East Side. According to police, the attackers flew Palestinian flags.
  • "If the only thing viewers knew about the Jews was what they saw on The Simpsons they — and we — would be well served." What's your favorite Simpsons' moment?
  • "One uncle of mine said, 'I came to America after World War II and I hitchhiked.' And Robin said, 'I waited until there was a 747 and a kosher meal.'" Watch Billy Crystal's moving tribute to Robin Williams at last night's #Emmys:
  • "Americans are much more focused on the long term and on the end goal which is ending the violence, and peace. It’s a matter of zooming out rather than debating the day to day.”
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.