A Beit Midrash Aims to Soothe Troubled Minds

By Francesca Lunzer Kritz

Published January 21, 2009, issue of January 30, 2009.
  • Print
  • Share Share

It’s about 1:30 on a weekday afternoon, an hour before the students in the beit midrash, or study hall, will be dismissed. At a table strewn with books, notebooks and pens, young men are listening, chatting, smiling and scribbling. A tad more chaotic than a typical beit midrash, but the rabbi at the table doesn’t seem to mind. Neither does the program’s director, who is high five-ing any student in his path.

LEADER: Rabbi Guy Avihod directs the study hall, geared toward observant men with a range of disabilities.
LEADER: Rabbi Guy Avihod directs the study hall, geared toward observant men with a range of disabilities.

Such is the joyous cacophony of Shaf Yativ, a Jerusalem-based educational program that began in March 2008 and uses ancient texts and counseling to help Modern and ultra-Orthodox men who have suffered through mental illness find purpose, community and a path to optimism.

The program’s name is meant to convey hope, explained program director Rabbi Guy Avihod, 33. Avihod spent his youth in California and received his rabbinical ordination from former Sephardic chief rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu. “Shaf Yativ was the name of a Babylonian synagogue that was destroyed and then rebuilt with stones from the Temple in Jerusalem,” Avihod said. “And that is what we are doing — using holiness to rebuild holy lives.”

The impetus to create the program comes from Jerusalem’s health ministry, as does much of the program’s funding. Since many parents in ultra-Orthodox families refuse to allow their children to participate in programs that include nonreligious Jews, mental-health coordinator Michal Cohen has been trying, for years, to form treatment and rehabilitation programs that would be acceptable to ultra-Orthodox families. Cohen approached Udi Marili, a Modern Orthodox mental-health professional, to brainstorm, and Marili decided that the structure of a beit midrash would appeal to parents and students. “Learning in a beit midrash gives parents pride in the program and gives us a structured environment from which to work with the men,” Marili said.

Marili knew Avihod from a Talmud class the latter teaches. Although Avihod has no formal training in mental-health rehabilitation, his genuine love of people quickly became apparent to Marili, who had previously been working at a juvenile halfway house for boys who come from religious homes and had committed crimes. Avihod and Marili consulted with rabbis and mental-health professionals in order to build the program. The students at Shaf Yativ range in age from 20 to around 40, and spend about 18 months in the program. Before the program was developed, Cohen said, many stayed in bed all day, at home or in hostels for the mentally ill. Some had been in university, yeshiva or the army, but had suffered a breakdown. Others had dealt with mental-health issues all their lives. “Eliezer,” 28, suffers from bipolar disorder and attention deficit disorder. He went into crisis about four years ago, and his counselor at the health ministry recommended him for Shaf Yativ’s program almost as soon as it opened. Eliezer said that what he cherishes most are his once a week learning sessions with a staff social worker, because they give him an opportunity not only to study, but also to open up about what is going on in his life. “Before, I jumped from job to job, and now I have been in the same position, retail sales, every afternoon, for three months,” he said proudly.

Another student suffered a breakdown after serving in the army and was nervous about going to a reunion. Avihod, who is known as Rav Guy to his students, encouraged him to write to his commanding officer and tell him how much he meant to him during his years of service. The officer wrote back, thanking him for the letter — and the student went confidently to the reunion. “I told him to call me if he got nervous; all the students have my home number. But I didn’t hear from him until the next class day, when he told me how glad he was he got up the courage to go,’’ Avihod said.

Students range from Modern Orthodox to Hasidic, and Avihod expects many more Modern Orthodox men to join, now that the program will be partnering with the army to help soldiers affected by post-traumatic stress disorder. A day at Shaf Yativ consists of classes, chavruta (partner based) study and enrichment programs. “We’ve devised a varied program where the Torah and classes are a tool for rehabilitation,” Avihod said. Recruiting is done through the health ministry, word of mouth, advertising in Haredi papers and contacts at hostels for the mentally ill.

The program is geared toward students who have a full range of disabilities, including schizophrenia, obsessive compulsive disorder and paranoia. Very often, Marili said, people with such disabilities have trouble connecting with others, but many of the program’s participants have established friendships, often for the first time. And the structure created in the students’ lives has also improved their relationships with their parents, who admit to the staff that they have been ashamed of having a child with a mental illness.

Even the building, in the center of Jerusalem, was chosen with care. “The location is key,” Avihod said, since neither the neighborhood nor the building is affiliated with a specific religious movement.

There are now about 20 men in the program. Avihod’s goal is to have a maximum of about 35 participants at any one time. Recently, Avihod has been approached to expand Shaf Yativ to other cities and to create a similar program for women.

Asked whether he thinks it would be hard to replicate the program elsewhere, Eliezer, nearing completion of his stay, said he thinks one aspect of the program is easily transported. “One thing stays constant here,” Eliezer said. “There’s always a positive vibe in the building.”


The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.





Find us on Facebook!
  • Happy birthday Barbra Streisand! Our favorite Funny Girl turns 72 today.
  • Clueless parenting advice from the star of "Clueless."
  • Why won't the city give an answer?
  • BREAKING NEWS: Israel has officially suspended peace talks with the Palestinians.
  • Can you guess what the most boring job in the army is?
  • What the foolish rabbi of Chelm teaches us about Israel and the Palestinian unity deal:
  • Mazel tov to Idina Menzel on making Variety "Power of Women" cover! http://jd.fo/f3Mms
  • "How much should I expect him and/or ask him to participate? Is it enough to have one parent reciting the prayers and observing the holidays?" What do you think?
  • New York and Montreal have been at odds for far too long. Stop the bagel wars, sign our bagel peace treaty!
  • Really, can you blame them?
  • “How I Stopped Hating Women of the Wall and Started Talking to My Mother.” Will you see it?
  • Taglit-Birthright Israel is redefining who they consider "Jewish" after a 17% drop in registration from 2011-2013. Is the "propaganda tag" keeping young people away?
  • Happy birthday William Shakespeare! Turns out, the Bard knew quite a bit about Jews.
  • Would you get to know racists on a first-name basis if you thought it might help you prevent them from going on rampages, like the recent shooting in Kansas City?
  • "You wouldn’t send someone for a math test without teaching them math." Why is sex ed still so taboo among religious Jews?
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.