Environment Has Day in Court and Wins

Key Federal Court Ruling Preserves Greenhouse Gas Rules

No. 1 Ruling: A federal court ruling dealt a blow to conservatives foes of climate regulation.
getty images
No. 1 Ruling: A federal court ruling dealt a blow to conservatives foes of climate regulation.

By J.J. Goldberg

Published July 01, 2012, issue of July 06, 2012.
  • Print
  • Share Share

Amid the uproar over the Supreme Court’s late-June rulings on healthcare and immigration, you might have missed what could be the most important federal court ruling of the year: a unanimous June 26 decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington, D.C., protecting the Environmental Protection Agency’s greenhouse gas regulations.

The Bush-era EPA was ordered to begin reluctantly regulating greenhouse gases by the Supreme Court in 2007, upholding a Massachusetts lawsuit over climate change “endangerment.” The Obama administration seized the regulations as a fallback emission-control tool after Congress failed in 2009 to pass cap-and-trade legislation. The latest ruling deflects a challenge by industry groups, backed by 17 state governments, nearly all GOP-led. Another 17 states, nearly all Democratic-led, backed the EPA.

The decision is the latest in a string of recent developments that, taken together, could change the direction of America’s climate and energy debates. Climate skeptics have some serious soul-searching ahead, but environmentalists do, too. So do some major Jewish organizations.

The court ruling is obviously a blow to conservatives foes of climate regulation. The three-judge panel — including Chief Judge David Sentelle, a right-wing icon — openly ridiculed Republicans’ questioning of climate science. After quoting the 2007 Supreme Court ruling that man-made global warming is a “rather straightforward scientific judgment,” the judges wryly added: “This is how science works. EPA is not required to re-prove the existence of the atom every time it approaches a scientific question.”

Also encouraging for environmentalists, several new studies indicate the Obama EPA’s greenhouse regulation is actually working. A May report by the European-based International Energy Agency claims the United States has cut emissions faster than any other country in the past decade. Despite failing to enact cap-and-trade, America has cut energy-sector emissions some 7.7% since 2006. Other sectors, including transportation and home heating, have moved slower. Still, if current progress continues, analysts say, America might meet President Obama’s target of a 17% emissions cut by 2020.

The report is a mixed blessing for environmentalists, though. The biggest cause of falling emissions, it shows, is increased use of natural gas extracted from shale by hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. There are other causes, including cuts in coal-generated electricity and improved automobile fuel efficiency, both EPA achievements. But fracking looms largest and seems most promising for further cuts.

This puts environmentalists in a bind. They’ve made fighting fracking a top priority. Without strict safeguards, which few expect, the procedure can pollute groundwater, release methane and even cause earthquakes. Now, suddenly, it’s the planet’s best hope.

Many activists say it’s a false choice. They insist emissions could be cut without fracking by boosting carbon-free alternatives, like solar. Practical alternatives are years away, however. Until then, numbers suggest, fracking looks best for buying time.

Energy companies shouldn’t rush to celebrate, however. While America was cutting emissions by replacing coal with lower-emission gas, Europe’s cap-and-trade programs were less successful. A variety of factors may be at play, but some experts, including industry officials, point to serious philosophical questions. Cap-and-trade is supposed to substitute the magic of the market for the heavy hand of government regulation. The latest numbers suggest that better results are achieved through the heavy hand of EPA regulators shutting coal plants and forcing better gasoline mileage.

Conservatives won’t take it lying down, of course. Most Republicans reject the very premise of global warming. Mitt Romney says he’ll eliminate the EPA’s power to regulate greenhouse gases if he becomes president. That’s unlikely to get past Senate Democrats, however. Even if it did, the courts might not let it stand. It was the conservative Roberts court that endorsed climate science and ordered the Bush EPA to act on greenhouse emissions in 2007.

Finally, several new reports cite the success of gas fracking and its offshoot, fracking shale oil — along with controversial Canadian tar sands — to predict that the United States is en route to energy self-sufficiency and could be a net oil exporter by 2025. According to the Financial Times, such predictions “haunted” a June 13 Vienna meeting of OPEC leaders, who fear the Arab-led oil cartel will lose its monopoly control over global supplies and pricing.

That could haunt American Jewish organizations. Energy independence is a longstanding goal of pro-Israel activists who believe weakening Arab influence will free Israel’s hands. Over the years, pro-Israel conservatives led by the American Jewish Committee have cooperated with liberal environmentalists, Reform leaders and others, by calling to end oil imports. The alliance has been strained before, as when AJC briefly endorsed Bush administration plans to drill in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. But it’s generally worked for both sides.

It’s unclear whether the alliance can survive partial success. Liberals and conservatives skirmished over fracking last January at the annual plenum of the Jewish Council for Public Affairs, which coordinates policy among Jewish groups. Liberals won the vote there. They made noise again in June over new EPA emissions rules. In the end, though, it’s usually the conservatives whose lobbying clout carries the day.

Contact J.J. Goldberg at goldberg@forward.com


The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.





Find us on Facebook!
  • Is pot kosher for Passover. The rabbis say no, especially for Ashkenazi Jews. And it doesn't matter if its the unofficial Pot Day of April 20.
  • A Ukrainian rabbi says he thinks the leaflets ordering Jews in restive Donetsk to 'register' were a hoax. But the disturbing story still won't die.
  • Some snacks to help you get through the second half of Passover.
  • You wouldn't think that a Soviet-Jewish immigrant would find much in common with Gabriel Garcia Marquez. But the famed novelist once helped one man find his first love. http://jd.fo/f3JiS
  • Can you relate?
  • The Forverts' "Bintel Brief" advice column ran for more than 65 years. Now it's getting a second life — as a cartoon.
  • Half of this Hillel's members believe Jesus was the Messiah.
  • Vinyl isn't just for hipsters and hippies. Israeli photographer Eilan Paz documents the most astonishing record collections from around the world:http://jd.fo/g3IyM
  • Could Spider-Man be Jewish? Andrew Garfield thinks so.
  • Most tasteless video ever? A new video shows Jesus Christ dying at Auschwitz.
  • "It’s the smell that hits me first — musty, almost sweet, emanating from the green felt that cradles each piece of silver cutlery in its own place." Only one week left to submit! Tell us the story of your family's Jewish heirloom.
  • Mazel tov to Chelsea Clinton and Marc Mezvinsky!
  • If it's true, it's pretty terrifying news.
  • “My mom went to cook at the White House and all I got was this tiny piece of leftover raspberry ganache."
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.