Are Jews Now Safe and Free From Being Haunted?

The Resurgence of Holocaust Awareness and the Drop in Anti-Semitism

Jewish Power: Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew and Chairwoman of the Federal Reserve Janet Yellin.
Getty Images
Jewish Power: Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew and Chairwoman of the Federal Reserve Janet Yellin.

By Leonard Fein

Published June 28, 2014.
  • Print
  • Share Share

Is the manifest decline in anti-Semitism tied in some way to the uptick in attention to the Holocaust?

Bear with me. For a variety of middlingly important reasons, I’ve recently spent some days re-reading appraisals of American Jewish life that were written and published in the 1950s. And oh my, how things have changed!

Back then, still in post-traumatic shock from the Holocaust, it was conventionally assumed that even here in America anti-Semitism was endemic. Not epidemic, but indelible. And if the anti-Semites didn’t get us, the fleshpots — i.e., assimilation — would. We’d either be raped or seduced; either way, we were doomed.

The argument was insistently put forward in a seminal book by Ben Halpern, “The American Jew: A Zionist Analysis.” Halpern could hardly see beyond anti-Semitism, but when on occasion he did, he didn’t put much stock in such evidence as there was in signs of Jewish renewal. His argument, in a nutshell? It is not enough to celebrate Sukkoth; you have to mean Sukkoth. Otherwise, you are dealing merely in trappings, not in substance. And we cannot be sustained by mere trappings. In so saying, he deftly avoided specification of what meanings of Sukkoth he deemed acceptable. Is the increasingly ecologically focused Sukkoth a way of “meaning” Sukkoth?

But now, in any event, we have a very different testimony, one based on empirical findings rather than dark intuitions. We have Robert Putnam, he of “Bowling Alone” fane, informing us that Jews — are you sitting down? — are the most admired of all America’s religious constellations.

Putnam puts forward his argument and his data in a 2010 book entitled “American Grace.” And, to be entirely accurate, his finding is that Jews are at the top but that the top is shared by mainline Protestants and Catholics. Not a bad place to be, considering that Evangelical Protestants, Nonreligious people, Mormons, Muslims and Buddhists all fall below the average of warm feelings by members of other religious groups.

Is it fair to conclude that anti-Semitism is a relic of the past? Putnam comes close to saying “yes.” He observes that anti-Semitism continues to decline, in particular because of what he calls “generational replacement,” the fact that younger people are less likely to harbor anti-Semitic attitudes than older generations. And he quotes a 2009 study by the Anti-Defamation League that found “anti-Semitic attitudes equal to the lowest level in all the years of taking the pulse of American attitudes toward Jews.”

The current incumbent presidents of Yale, MIT, Columbia, the University of Chicago, the University of Pennsylvania, Brown, Brandeis, the University of California system and Cornell appear to be Jewish, along with a dozen or so more. [I say “appear to be” because the bios of several are inconclusive]. Perhaps more unexpected, given Henry Ford’s blatant anti-Semitism, is that the president of Ford Motor Company is Jewish. The Secretary of the Treasury and the Chairwoman of the Federal Reserve are Jewish. There are three Jewish justices of the Supreme Court (and six Catholics). There are eleven Jewish senators (ten Democrats and one Independent) and twenty-two Jewish members of the House (to be reduced by one when Eric Cantor officially resigns in the wake of his shocking primary loss). While the number of Jewish physicians is declining, the most recent data we have estimates that between 12% and 15% of American physicians are Jewish. Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Moshe Safdie, Preston Scott Cohen and Richard Meier are five of the most prominent Jewish architects. I leave out of this listing Jews in the financial services industry; that list would be far too long.

So, again: Is the manifest decline in anti-Semitism tied in some way to the uptick in attention to the Holocaust? Jews, Abba Eban more than once quipped, are “a people that cannot take ‘yes’ for an answer.” Show us a silver lining and we will search for the cloud. Remember the quintessential Jewish telegram, the one that reads “Start worrying; letter follows.” We are no longer hunted, but we remain haunted. In his “The Anatomy Lesson,” Philip Roth tells of what happens when the narrator’s stricken mother is asked by her neurologist to write her name on a piece of paper: “She took the pen from his hand and instead of ‘Selma’ wrote the word ‘Holocaust,’ perfectly spelled. This was in Miami Beach in 1970, inscribed by a woman whose writing otherwise consisted of recipes on index cards, several thousand thank-you notes, and a voluminous file of knitting instructions… But she had a tumor in her head the size of a lemon, and it seemed to have forced out everything except the one word. That it couldn’t dislodge. It must have been there all the time without their even knowing.”

Truth be told, an unhaunted Jew is an anomaly, well along the road to assimilation. For although the decline in anti-Semitism means we are no longer hunted, we have every right — perhaps even obligation to feel haunted. Our world is not working the way it was meant to — not in Syria or Iraq, not in Somalia or dozens of other sorry places, not even here in the United States. Too much blood, too many refugees, too much inequality, too much trafficking in human beings, too much discrimination against women, and so forth.

Oh yes, there’s undeniably been progress. But we are still a long way from the right to breath easy. There is work to be done, much work, and if you and I do not do it, it will not get done.

Contact Leonard Fein at feedback@forward.com


The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.





Find us on Facebook!
  • "We will do what we must to protect our people. We have that right. We are not less deserving of life and quiet than anyone else. No more apologies."
  • "Woody Allen should have quit while he was ahead." Ezra Glinter's review of "Magic in the Moonlight": http://jd.fo/f4Q1Q
  • Jon Stewart responds to his critics: “Look, obviously there are many strong opinions on this. But just merely mentioning Israel or questioning in any way the effectiveness or humanity of Israel’s policies is not the same thing as being pro-Hamas.”
  • "My bat mitzvah party took place in our living room. There were only a few Jewish kids there, and only one from my Sunday school class. She sat in the corner, wearing the right clothes, asking her mom when they could go." The latest in our Promised Lands series — what state should we visit next?
  • Former Israeli National Security Advisor Yaakov Amidror: “A cease-fire will mean that anytime Hamas wants to fight it can. Occupation of Gaza will bring longer-term quiet, but the price will be very high.” What do you think?
  • Should couples sign a pre-pregnancy contract, outlining how caring for the infant will be equally divided between the two parties involved? Just think of it as a ketubah for expectant parents:
  • Many #Israelis can't make it to bomb shelters in time. One of them is Amos Oz.
  • According to Israeli professor Mordechai Kedar, “the only thing that can deter terrorists, like those who kidnapped the children and killed them, is the knowledge that their sister or their mother will be raped."
  • Why does ultra-Orthodox group Agudath Israel of America receive its largest donation from the majority owners of Walmart? Find out here: http://jd.fo/q4XfI
  • Woody Allen on the situation in #Gaza: It's “a terrible, tragic thing. Innocent lives are lost left and right, and it’s a horrible situation that eventually has to right itself.”
  • "Mark your calendars: It was on Sunday, July 20, that the momentum turned against Israel." J.J. Goldberg's latest analysis on Israel's ground operation in Gaza:
  • What do you think?
  • "To everyone who is reading this article and saying, “Yes, but… Hamas,” I would ask you to just stop with the “buts.” Take a single moment and allow yourself to feel this tremendous loss. Lay down your arms and grieve for the children of Gaza."
  • Professor Dan Markel, 41 years old, was found shot and killed in his Tallahassee home on Friday. Jay Michaelson can't explain the death, just grieve for it.
  • Employees complained that the food they received to end the daily fast during the holy month of Ramadan was not enough (no non-kosher food is allowed in the plant). The next day, they were dismissed.
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.