A Call For a Sweatshop-Free Zone on New York’s Upper West Side

By Karen Loew

Published March 23, 2011, issue of April 01, 2011.
  • Print
  • Share Share

Along the broad boulevards and dignified streets of the largely liberal, Jewish Upper West Side, sweatshops don’t seem to be sprouting. From Riverside Park to Lincoln Center, from Harry’s Shoes to Zabar’s, the neighborhood appears to be a civilized place where the days of residents, working folk and visitors unspool in familiar, reassuring rhythms.

To the activists and students who have protested against a handful of local businesses in recent years, however, the cheerful façade is merely that, hiding a host of exploitative employers who pay less than minimum wage, harass and abuse their employees, steal tips and withhold overtime pay. Having won victories for workers at some establishments, including Ollie’s Noodle Shop & Grill and the Saigon Grill, activists from groups such as the New York City-based National Mobilization Against Sweatshops (NMASS) are determined not only to bring workers’ conditions up to legal standards, but also to change the way consumers look at the businesses that line their streets.

To that end, a coalition of activists and allies now hopes to designate the neighborhood as the “Sweatshop-Free Upper West Side.” In tandem with the 100th anniversary of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, the coalition plans to kick off outreach to business owners, asking them to sign a pledge to “comply with labor laws and to have a fair labor workplace.” Though the effort has barely begun — and organizers acknowledge that enforcement of the pledge will be a challenge — its backers are eager to continue raising the public’s consciousness about the prevalence of “sweatshop conditions” in America today, though the particulars may not always exactly mirror those of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in 1911.

“I’m excited about it. I think it’s really something to get students and the local community more integrated,” said Johanna Ocana, who graduated from Columbia University with a degree in political science last spring. “It should kind of get folks thinking about working conditions, not just as an issue that’s outside their everyday life … get more people involved in discussions about workers’ rights.”

Ocana was one in a circle of 15 workers and activists gathered in the basement of Trinity Lutheran Church of Manhattan for a weekly planning meeting in early February. She was among those promoting the idea of the pledge, and of eventually mounting a campaign to remove non-signatories from Columbia’s preferred vendor list.

“I think this could be a good way to make it an incentive” to patronize businesses with the best intentions, Ocana said in an interview. She envisions a website posting the names of participating businesses. “I think that, unfortunately, people end up being more aware of places that they should steer clear of,” she noted.

“In my conversations with most community members, they have a sense that things like this shouldn’t be happening in the Upper West Side. I think we should probably be able to use it to our advantage,” Ocana said. “I’ve also run into a surprising amount of people who seem apathetic. Something like a picket [outside a restaurant] isn’t something they’d be into. But people would want to support businesses that are complying.”

Although targeting sweatshop practices has been a high priority of campus activists for well over a decade, the neighborhood approach is fairly novel, according to the Washington-based umbrella organization United Students Against Sweatshops. USAS spends half its time challenging the overseas sweatshops that produce college apparel, and the other half working to improve the conditions of campus workers such as security officers, janitors and cooks. Universities often display responsibility and accountability around workplace issues, said USAS domestic campaigns coordinator Jack Mahoney, “but in recent years,” he added, “they’re using the economic crisis as justification for outsourcing and bad conditions.”

With that justification or none at all, numerous businesses around New York City run roughshod over workplace rules, according to a 2008 survey of 1,432 workers conducted by the National Employment Law Project. In the report “Working Without Laws,” NELP documented that “many employment and labor laws regularly and systematically are violated.” For example, the report stated, 21% of workers in the sample had been paid less than the legally required minimum wage ($7.25 per hour in New York state) in the previous week; 77% were not paid the legally required overtime rate when they worked more than 40 hours; 70% did not receive legally required meal breaks; and 42% of those who had complained or attempted to establish a union experienced a form of illegal retaliation by the employer.

But even some whose business is business remain unaware of harsh workplace realities.

“I didn’t know we had any sweatshops,” said Andrew Albert, executive director of the West Manhattan Chamber of Commerce since 1983. In any event, he said, promoting a sweatshop-free environment is “an admirable goal.”

“We don’t want anyone working in substandard conditions. I just don’t know how you enforce that,” Albert said. “I assume that disgruntled workers will make some noise and shine some light on these practices.”

In fact, workers have done so, earning wins in the workplace and in court. At Ollie’s Noodle Shop & Grill on Broadway and 116th Street — directly across from the Columbia campus — years of agitation and a lawsuit resulted, in 2009, in owner Tsu Yue Wang agreeing to pay a $2.3 million settlement to compensate workers for unpaid back wages there and at seven other locations in the city. (Wang ended up declaring bankruptcy and closing some outlets.) And at Saigon Grill on Amsterdam Avenue and 90th Street, former owner Simon Nget settled a case in 2008 to pay $4.3 million in back wages to workers there and at other Saigon Grill locations; then, this January, he was sentenced to 90 days in jail for underpaying workers.

These examples from commercial life in a neighborhood that activists want to claim as a sweatshop-free zone raise a question: Is the appealing Upper West Side a hotbed of exploitation, more so than all other New York City neighborhoods?

Tracy Kwon, an organizer with the Justice Will Be Served! campaign — which is a coalition involving NMASS, the Chinese Staff and Workers Association, and other groups targeting restaurant workers’ conditions — said she doubts it. The reason activists are focusing on the Upper West Side, she said, is that it’s fertile ground: Its largely progressive history and identity make the community interested and sympathetic.

And the example of one successful campaign breeds the next, Kwon said. She believes workers on the Upper West Side are emboldened in a way that workers, in, say, her own neighborhood of Jackson Heights, Queens, are not.

“Organizing is taking place where it’s most possible to organize,” she said.

Contact Karen Loew at loew@forward.com


The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.





Find us on Facebook!
  • Will Americans who served in the Israeli army during the Gaza operation face war crimes charges when they get back home?
  • Talk about a fashion faux pas. What was Zara thinking with the concentration camp look?
  • “The Black community was resistant to the Jewish community coming into the neighborhood — at first.” Watch this video about how a group of gardeners is rebuilding trust between African-Americans and Jews in Detroit.
  • "I am a Jewish woman married to a non-Jewish man who was raised Catholic, but now considers himself a “common-law Jew.” We are raising our two young children as Jews. My husband's parents are still semi-practicing Catholics. When we go over to either of their homes, they bow their heads, often hold hands, and say grace before meals. This is an especially awkward time for me, as I'm uncomfortable participating in a non-Jewish religious ritual, but don't want his family to think I'm ungrateful. It's becoming especially vexing to me now that my oldest son is 7. What's the best way to handle this situation?" http://jd.fo/b4ucX What would you do?
  • Maybe he was trying to give her a "schtickle of fluoride"...
  • It's all fun, fun, fun, until her dad takes the T-Bird away for Shabbos.
  • "Like many Jewish people around the world, I observed Shabbat this weekend. I didn’t light candles or recite Hebrew prayers; I didn’t eat challah or matzoh ball soup or brisket. I spent my Shabbat marching for justice for Eric Garner of Staten Island, Michael Brown of Ferguson, and all victims of police brutality."
  • Happy #NationalDogDay! To celebrate, here's a little something from our archives:
  • A Jewish couple was attacked on Monday night in New York City's Upper East Side. According to police, the attackers flew Palestinian flags.
  • "If the only thing viewers knew about the Jews was what they saw on The Simpsons they — and we — would be well served." What's your favorite Simpsons' moment?
  • "One uncle of mine said, 'I came to America after World War II and I hitchhiked.' And Robin said, 'I waited until there was a 747 and a kosher meal.'" Watch Billy Crystal's moving tribute to Robin Williams at last night's #Emmys:
  • "Americans are much more focused on the long term and on the end goal which is ending the violence, and peace. It’s a matter of zooming out rather than debating the day to day.”
  • "I feel great sorrow about the fact that you decided to return the honor and recognition that you so greatly deserve." Rivka Ben-Pazi, who got Dutchman Henk Zanoli recognized as a "Righteous Gentile," has written him an open letter.
  • Is there a right way to criticize Israel?
  • From The Daily Show to Lizzy Caplan, here's your Who's Jew guide to the 2014 #Emmys. Who are you rooting for?
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.