The spelling changed but the meaning is the same: Dictionary.com formally adopts ‘antisemitic’
The definition of antisemitism hasn’t changed, but as of Tuesday, the way the word is written has, at least for one source.
According to Dictionary.com, anti-Semitism is out and antisemitism will be the preferred term going forward, without the hyphen or capital S.
The reason for the change, according to the updated entry, is that the word “semitic” describes a group of languages that includes, among others, Arabic, Hebrew and Phoenician. But the term “antisemitic” refers only to prejudice against Jews.
“The spelling anti-Semite falsely implies prejudice against all of the diverse groups of people who speak any of these languages,” the new entry states. “However, that is not how antisemite is used. Rather, the ‘Semite’ in antisemitism is a euphemism for ‘Jew.’”
The term “antisemitism” dates back almost 150 years to German journalist Wilhelm Marr. Since its inception, the term was used to refer to Jewish people, despite the word “semitic” being coined as part of a racialist pseudoscience effort to lump together a variety of peoples from Western Asian and North Africa.
The unhyphenated version has become increasingly accepted in recent years, including at the Forward. In 2020, Deborah Lipstadt, the noted Holocaust historian and currently U.S. special envoy for monitoring and combating antisemitism, explained why she believed antisemitism is the more accurate version of the word by noting that “anti-Semitism is not hatred of Semitism or Semites … anti-Semitism is Jew-hatred.”
Numerous Jewish and anti-hate organizations have given their own reasoning for adopting antisemitism as the preferred term. The Anti-Defamation League has noted that “There is no such thing as a Semitic peoplehood,” meaning “one could speak a Semitic language and still have anti-Semitic views.”
“While removing a hyphen by itself won’t defeat antisemitism, we believe this slight alteration will help to clarify understanding of this age-old hatred,” they added.
The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance explained its decision to not use a hyphen by saying, “Antisemitism should be read as a unified term so that the meaning of the generic term for modern Jew-hatred is clear. At a time of increased violence and rhetoric aimed towards Jews, it is urgent that there is clarity and no room for confusion or obfuscation when dealing with antisemitism.”
Despite the increasingly popular consensus on how the term is written, some have pushed to do away with the word altogether. Stephen D. Smith, the executive director of the USC Shoah Foundation and UNESCO Chair on Genocide Education, explained in an op-ed that during a time when hate is on the rise, people must speak clearly. Therefore, he believes the appropriate term is “neither antisemitism nor anti-Semitism: It’s plain and simple Jew hatred.”
The Associated Press and The New York Times both use antisemitism as one word, no hyphen, as do Oxford reference guides. But other sources, including Merriam-Webster, use the hyphenated term, and some legacy publications, including The Atlantic and The New Yorker, use the hyphenated version as well.