Croatian far-right, 2017 by the Forward

Nazi collaborator monuments in Croatia

There are hundreds of statues and monuments in the United States and around the world to people who abetted or took part in the murder of Jews and other minorities during the Holocaust. The Forward has, for the first time, documented them in this collection of articles. For a guide to each country’s memorials click here.

Slavonski Brod and ten other towns — A street named after Mile Budak (1889–1945), chief ideologue and minister of education for Croatia’s fascist Ustasha party, which systematically murdered hundreds of thousands of Jews, Serbs and Roma during the Holocaust.

Budak has additional streets in Jasenice, Pag, Pakoštane, Pleternica, Sisak, Sveti Rok, Vinkovci, Vrana and Zadar and, strangely enough, a pier in Bilice. Coverage in Radio Slobodna Evropa (Radio Free Europe’s Balkan branch; Google translation here) and Balkan Insight. (Many thanks to Rory Yeomans for his invaluable guidance on Croatia.)

For an overview of Ustasha’s brutality, which stands out even in the scope of WWII, see this academic paper.

Donji Dolac — A statue of Branimir Jelić (1905–1972). A peripatetic Ustasha member and close associate of the genocidal Ante Pavelić, Jelić traveled the West working as an Ustasha propagandist among the Croatian diaspora in the U.S. and South America. After the war, Jelić, like many Eastern European Nazi collaborators, branded himself and exiled Ustasha members as warriors against Communism.

Below is an Ustasha rally, Zagreb 1941.

Below, a neo-Nazi march in support of Donald Trump featuring Ustasha flag and shield, Zagreb 2017.

For Ustasha monuments outside of Croatia, see the Bosnia and Herzegovina and Australia sections.

For more on Croatia’s widespread rehabilitation of the Ustasha, which is manifest in multiple forms, including sports and music, see articles in Balkan Insight, Jerusalem Post and the Independent; Haaretz on the Ustasha scandal regarding Croatia’s 2018 World Cup team; and Defending History’s Croatia page. For a more detailed read, see Rory Yeomans in The Routledge Handbook of Balkan and Southeast European History, 2020 edition.


Lev Golinkin

Lev Golinkin

Lev Golinkin is the author of A Backpack, a Bear, and Eight Crates of Vodka, Amazon’s Debut of the Month, a Barnes & Noble’s Discover Great New Writers program selection, and winner of the Premio Salerno Libro d’Europa. Mr. Golinkin, a graduate of Boston College, came to the US as a child refugee from the eastern Ukrainian city of Kharkov (now called Kharkiv) in 1990. His writing on the Ukraine crisis, Russia, the far right, and immigrant and refugee identity has appeared in The New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, CNN, NBC, The Boston Globe, Politico Europe, and, among others; he has been interviewed by MSNBC, NPR, ABC Radio, WSJ Live and HuffPost Live.

Nazi collaborator monuments around the world

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Nazi collaborator monuments in Croatia

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