SS Galichina march and anniversary celebration by the Forward

Nazi collaborator monuments in Australia

There are hundreds of statues and monuments in the United States and around the world to people who abetted or took part in the murder of Jews and other minorities during the Holocaust. The Forward has, for the first time, documented them in this collection of articles. For a guide to each country’s memorials click here.

Monuments to Croatian collaborators

Melbourne — bust of Hitler ally Ante Pavelić (1889–1959) in Melbourne’s Croatian House.

Pavelić was the leader of the fascist Ustasha regime, which systematically murdered tens of thousands of Jews, Serbs, and Roma, the most infamous killings taking place at the Jasenovac concentration camp.

Above left, Pavelić meets with Hitler June 9, 1941.

For a fascinating article on how Croatian fascist supporters came to be in Australia, see Balkan Insight.

Below, Ustasha guards confiscate belongings from prisoners entering Jasenovac.

For Ustasha monuments in other countries, see the Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina sections.

Monuments to Serbian collaborators

Canberra and Blacktown — a statue of Dragoljub “Draža” Mihailović (1893–1946) in front of a Canberra center named in his honor.

Mihailović’s Chetniks, a Serbian nationalist and Yugoslavian royalist militia, had collaborated with the Nazis and the Nazi puppet government in Serbia. At another point during the war, Mihailović cooperated with the Allies, using his troops to help rescue over 400 American airmen shot down in enemy territory. (Many thanks to Milijana Pavlović for aid in locating Chetnik statues outside Serbia.)

Below is another statue to Mihailović in Blacktown.

For more Chetnik monuments, see the Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, U.S. and Canada.

Monuments to Ukranian collaborators

Wayville, South Australia — This memorial for soldiers who died for Ukraine features the lion and crowns insignia of the 14th Division of the Waffen-SS, also known as SS Galichina. This was a unit in the Waffen-SS, the military wing of the Nazi party, led by Heinrich Himmler, one of the principal architects of the Holocaust. Among the war crimes committed by this unit is the Huta Pieniacka massacre of Polish civilians.

Above left, an SS Galichina recruitment poster with the lion and crowns insignia. It features a quote from Mein Kampf: “Whoever wants to live must fight, and whoever doesn’t want to fight in this world of permanent struggle — he doesn’t deserve the right to live. Adolf Hitler.” Underneath is “SS Galichina is going to battle!”

Today, the use of SS Galichina insignia has become widespread enough to be included as a hate sign identifier for European soccer.

Below left, what is most likely an SS Galichina recruitment march, thought to be in the western Ukrainian city of Stanislaviv (now Ivanko-Frankivsk), 1943. Below right, torchlight march in honor of the 73rd anniversary of SS Galichina’s founding, L’viv April 28, 2016. The commemoration two years later involved hundreds giving coordinated Nazi salutes. JTA report.

For Ukrainian monuments outside of Australia, see the Ukraine, U.S. and Canada sections, particularly Canada, which saw a 2020 scandal centered around an SS Galichina memorial nearly identical to Wayville’s.

Nazi collaborator monuments around the world

Author

Lev Golinkin

Lev Golinkin

Lev Golinkin is the author of A Backpack, a Bear, and Eight Crates of Vodka, Amazon’s Debut of the Month, a Barnes & Noble’s Discover Great New Writers program selection, and winner of the Premio Salerno Libro d’Europa. Mr. Golinkin, a graduate of Boston College, came to the US as a child refugee from the eastern Ukrainian city of Kharkov (now called Kharkiv) in 1990. His writing on the Ukraine crisis, Russia, the far right, and immigrant and refugee identity has appeared in The New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, CNN, NBC, The Boston Globe, Politico Europe, and Time.com, among others; he has been interviewed by MSNBC, NPR, ABC Radio, WSJ Live and HuffPost Live.

Nazi monuments around the world

Your Comments

The Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. All readers can browse the comments, and all Forward subscribers can add to the conversation. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Forward requires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not and will be deleted. Egregious commenters or repeat offenders will be banned from commenting. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and the Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.

Recommend this article

Nazi collaborator monuments in Australia

Thank you!

This article has been sent!

Close