Zionism’s Victory and the Socialist Enlightenment of the Masses

From the Pages of Yiddish Forward

Eretz Israel: Lord Balfour (above), along with his famous letter to Baron Rothschild.
Wikimedia Commons
Eretz Israel: Lord Balfour (above), along with his famous letter to Baron Rothschild.

By Ab Cahan

Published June 25, 2014.
  • Print
  • Share Share

If such news — that the land of Israel is going to be given to the Jews, had come 50 years ago, it would have made a totally different impression on the Jewish masses than it is making today.

It would then have had a similar impact as the coming of the Messiah as it has appeared in the long history of the Jewish Diaspora.

The current news of the possibility of the realization of the Zionist dream in the near future doesn’t make such an impression on anyone.

Even the most conservative Zionists wouldn’t dare to even try to convince the masses that this development would bring an end to all their troubles and that it would therefore put an end to their movements for freedom and justice in the Diaspora.

True conservative Zionists probably wish that the current Zionist news would have exactly that kind of hysterical effect on the Jewish worker. But they are aware that if they tried to create such an effect it would be made mincemeat of by even those Zionists on the left who are themselves socialists.

And so the great difference between the impact that such news would have made then and the effect it has today points to the powerful reversal that the socialist enlightenment has had on the psychology of the Jewish masses. This enlightenment has caused them to detach from the hysteria history of the masses who expected soul salvation for thousands of years.

Today they understand that this Zionist news doesn’t change anything in their cause as workers and citizens of the countries they find themselves in.

As we’ve already said in the July 3, 1915 editorial — we already said it then — the times are such now that we can no longer speak of the impossibility of the Zionist ideal. But we also added that that doesn’t change anything in our goals to organize the Jewish worker masses in the Diaspora in their class struggle. And to continue to work for the ability to live peacefully with the masses of the countries they inhabit.

Then they, the millions and millions of Jewish workers who find themselves in all countries of the world, would remain where they are in any case, even if there were a Jewish state in the Land of Israel.

Millions of Jews lived in ‘khutz la’aretz’ [out of the country] even in ancient times when the Jewish state-kingdom was at its apex. Millions of Jews then lived in Egypt, Greece and Rome.

Yes, even in Egypt, where the laws of Moses were expressly forbidden, they lived very religiously. And that was when they had their own kingdom in the Land of Israel. And still millions of them returned to forbidden Egypt — most likely because it was naturally easier for them to make a living there. There were so many Jews there that they had their own temple.

And then when there wasn’t such great upheaval in the world, when there weren’t any railroads or steamships, no telegraph and not much international trade, millions of Jews still spread all over the world, not remaining in their own country — which today we are still waiting for?

All peoples who have their own countries have millions of children living among other nations — even those who are predominantly rural laborers.

Especially Jews, the race of wanderers, the people of industry and business. Especially today it has become customary for our people to wander.

Conditions won’t be so great for the Jewish masses in the Land of Israel that they’ll want to flock there from all the countries in the Diaspora and stay there.

Jews currently have a strong sense of responsibility. They believe that when they are among their own Jewish brethren they will have it as good as it gets. Their economic interests will be met.

But Jewish history demonstrates that such hope is a deception. In those horrific times in the history of the Jews when they were driven out of Spain and Portugal, the Jews of Rome offered to the Pope (Innocent the 8th) one thousand ducats that he not allow the expelled Jews into Rome!

They were afraid that their expelled brethren would make it too crowded for them. The Pope got angry with them for such entreaties. He said that the main man in charge of the Inquisition had more pity on the expelled Jews than their Jewish brothers did. He punished the Roman Jews for their behavior and allowed the Spanish Jews into his country.

That demonstrates that even the biggest Jewish woes don’t give rise to Jewish brotherhood displacing economic interests.

The economic interests of today’s few Jewish colonists in the Land of Israel are such that they hire cheap Arab laborers in their colonies rather than their own Jewish brothers. Jewish Labor parties are carrying on a fierce struggle against that there. But it doesn’t help. Economic interests are a thousand times stronger than national brotherhood. Especially when the grand excitement of national struggle passes and everyone gets immersed in their own economic interests.

Economic interests will make it so that millions and millions of Jews will also, even when Jews have their own state, conduct themselves as per the old Yiddish saying: “In our graves let’s lie among Jews but let’s make our subsistence among goyim.”

And among goyim they will have to fight against exploitation: and among goyim they will have to seek out equal rights and fellowship.

All leftwing Zionists agree with us on this point. And it is also the current instinct of the widespread Jewish masses. Because of it, they don’t embrace the Messiah hysteria like they once did.

And the socialist enlightenment is responsible for this victory.

Articles translated from the Yiddish by Chana Pollack, Ezra Glinter and Myra Mniewski.


The Jewish Daily Forward welcomes reader comments in order to promote thoughtful discussion on issues of importance to the Jewish community. In the interest of maintaining a civil forum, The Jewish Daily Forwardrequires that all commenters be appropriately respectful toward our writers, other commenters and the subjects of the articles. Vigorous debate and reasoned critique are welcome; name-calling and personal invective are not. While we generally do not seek to edit or actively moderate comments, our spam filter prevents most links and certain key words from being posted and The Jewish Daily Forward reserves the right to remove comments for any reason.





Find us on Facebook!
  • Undeterred by the conflict, 24 Jews participated in the first ever Jewish National Fund— JDate singles trip to Israel. Translation: Jews age 30 to 45 travelled to Israel to get it on in the sun, with a side of hummus.
  • "It pains and shocks me to say this, but here goes: My father was right all along. He always told me, as I spouted liberal talking points at the Shabbos table and challenged his hawkish views on Israel and the Palestinians to his unending chagrin, that I would one day change my tune." Have you had a similar experience?
  • "'What’s this, mommy?' she asked, while pulling at the purple sleeve to unwrap this mysterious little gift mom keeps hidden in the inside pocket of her bag. Oh boy, how do I answer?"
  • "I fear that we are witnessing the end of politics in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. I see no possibility for resolution right now. I look into the future and see only a void." What do you think?
  • Not a gazillionaire? Take the "poor door."
  • "We will do what we must to protect our people. We have that right. We are not less deserving of life and quiet than anyone else. No more apologies."
  • "Woody Allen should have quit while he was ahead." Ezra Glinter's review of "Magic in the Moonlight": http://jd.fo/f4Q1Q
  • Jon Stewart responds to his critics: “Look, obviously there are many strong opinions on this. But just merely mentioning Israel or questioning in any way the effectiveness or humanity of Israel’s policies is not the same thing as being pro-Hamas.”
  • "My bat mitzvah party took place in our living room. There were only a few Jewish kids there, and only one from my Sunday school class. She sat in the corner, wearing the right clothes, asking her mom when they could go." The latest in our Promised Lands series — what state should we visit next?
  • Former Israeli National Security Advisor Yaakov Amidror: “A cease-fire will mean that anytime Hamas wants to fight it can. Occupation of Gaza will bring longer-term quiet, but the price will be very high.” What do you think?
  • Should couples sign a pre-pregnancy contract, outlining how caring for the infant will be equally divided between the two parties involved? Just think of it as a ketubah for expectant parents:
  • Many #Israelis can't make it to bomb shelters in time. One of them is Amos Oz.
  • According to Israeli professor Mordechai Kedar, “the only thing that can deter terrorists, like those who kidnapped the children and killed them, is the knowledge that their sister or their mother will be raped."
  • Why does ultra-Orthodox group Agudath Israel of America receive its largest donation from the majority owners of Walmart? Find out here: http://jd.fo/q4XfI
  • Woody Allen on the situation in #Gaza: It's “a terrible, tragic thing. Innocent lives are lost left and right, and it’s a horrible situation that eventually has to right itself.”
  • from-cache

Would you like to receive updates about new stories?




















We will not share your e-mail address or other personal information.

Already subscribed? Manage your subscription.