While the Middle East has been marked by civil wars and refugee crises, the region’s metal bands distilled chaos into music and wrote some of the best albums of the year.
Michael Goldwasser, the son of a Reform rabbi, leads the Easy Star All-Stars. He talks about ties between Jews and Rastafarians and why Israel is the next big reggae scene.
Ladino artists are working to keep their historic Sephardic culture relevant and fresh. The story is playing out at the inaugural world music festival in Gibraltar.